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Article

Integration of a Wearable Mobile Mapping Solution and Advance Numerical Simulations for the Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions: A Case of Study in San Pedro Church (Palencia, Spain)

1
Department of Construction and Architectural Technology (DCTA), Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Madrid (ETSAM), Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Avda. Juan de Herrera 4, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Department of Cartographic and Land Engineering, University of Salamanca, High Polytechnic School of Ávila, Hornos Caleros, 50, 05003 Ávila, Spain
3
Department of Engineering Materials, School of Industrial Engineering, University of Vigo, 36208 Vigo, Spain
4
Department of Topographic and Cartography Engineering, Higher Technical School of Engineers in Topography, Geodesy and Cartography, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Mercator 2, 28031 Madrid, Spain
5
Department of Environment, Land and Infrastructure Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, 10129 Torino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Francesca Cigna and Nicola Masini
Remote Sens. 2021, 13(7), 1252; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13071252
Received: 30 January 2021 / Revised: 1 March 2021 / Accepted: 22 March 2021 / Published: 25 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors & Methods in Cultural Heritage)
This work aims at enhancing the current methodologies used for generating as-built CAD models suitable for advanced numerical simulations. To this end, this paper proposes the use of a wearable mobile mapping system that allows one to improve the digitalization stage in terms of flexibility and time required. The noise showed by the resulting point cloud, based on the simultaneous location and mapping (SLAM) solution, demands a post-processing stage that introduces the use of a parameter-free noise reduction filter. This filter improves the quality of the point cloud, allowing for the adjustment of surfaces by means of parametric and non-parametric shapes. These shapes are created by using reverse engineering procedures. The results showed during this investigation highlight a novel application of this sensor: the creation of as-built CAD models for advanced numerical simulations. The results of this investigation are complemented by a valuable contribution with respect to the use of an advanced restoration solution, by means of textile reinforced mortar. To this end, the CAD model is used as the geometrical base for several numerical simulations by means of the finite element method. All this procedure is applied in a construction with structural problems. View Full-Text
Keywords: geoinformatics; wearable mobile mapping; historical construction; masonry; finite element method; pushover analysis geoinformatics; wearable mobile mapping; historical construction; masonry; finite element method; pushover analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sánchez-Aparicio, L.J.; Mora, R.; Conde, B.; Maté-González, M.Á.; Sánchez-Aparicio, M.; González-Aguilera, D. Integration of a Wearable Mobile Mapping Solution and Advance Numerical Simulations for the Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions: A Case of Study in San Pedro Church (Palencia, Spain). Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 1252. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13071252

AMA Style

Sánchez-Aparicio LJ, Mora R, Conde B, Maté-González MÁ, Sánchez-Aparicio M, González-Aguilera D. Integration of a Wearable Mobile Mapping Solution and Advance Numerical Simulations for the Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions: A Case of Study in San Pedro Church (Palencia, Spain). Remote Sensing. 2021; 13(7):1252. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13071252

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sánchez-Aparicio, Luis J., Rocío Mora, Borja Conde, Miguel Á. Maté-González, María Sánchez-Aparicio, and Diego González-Aguilera. 2021. "Integration of a Wearable Mobile Mapping Solution and Advance Numerical Simulations for the Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions: A Case of Study in San Pedro Church (Palencia, Spain)" Remote Sensing 13, no. 7: 1252. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13071252

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