Atmospheric propagational phase variations are the dominant source of error for InSAR (interferometric synthetic aperture radar) time series analysis, generally exceeding uncertainties from poor signal to noise ratio or signal correlation. The spatial properties of these errors have been well studied, but, to date, their temporal dependence and correction have received much less attention. Here, we present an evaluation of the magnitude of tropospheric artifacts in derived time series after compensation using an algorithm that requires only the InSAR data. The level of artifact reduction equals or exceeds that from many weather model-based methods, while avoiding the need to globally access fine-scale atmosphere parameters at all times. Our method consists of identifying all points in an InSAR stack with consistently high correlation and computing, and then removing, a fit of the phase at each of these points with respect to elevation. A comparison with GPS truth yields a reduction of three, from a rms misfit of 5–6 to ~2 cm over time. This algorithm can be readily incorporated into InSAR processing flows without the need for outside information.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited