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Article

A Comprehensive Evaluation of Near-Real-Time and Research Products of IMERG Precipitation over India for the Southwest Monsoon Period

1
Divecha Centre for Climate Change, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru 560012, India
2
India Meteorological Department, Ministry of Earth Sciences, New Delhi 110003, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marouane Temimi
Remote Sens. 2021, 13(18), 3676; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13183676
Received: 6 July 2021 / Revised: 13 August 2021 / Accepted: 17 August 2021 / Published: 15 September 2021
Precipitation is one of the integral components of the global hydrological cycle. Accurate estimation of precipitation is vital for numerous applications ranging from hydrology to climatology. Following the launch of the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Core Observatory, the Integrated Multi-satellite Retrievals for GPM (IMERG) precipitation product was released. The IMERG provides global precipitation estimates at finer spatiotemporal resolution (e.g., 0.1°/half-hourly) and has shown to be better than other contemporary multi-satellite precipitation products over most parts of the globe. In this study, near-real-time and research products of IMERG have been extensively evaluated against a daily rain-gauge-based precipitation dataset over India for the southwest monsoon period. In addition, the current version 6 of the IMERG research product or Final Run (IMERG-F V6) has been compared with its predecessor, version 5, and error characteristics of IMERG-F V6 for pre-GPM and GPM periods have been assessed. The spatial distributions of different error metrics over the country show that both near-real-time IMERG products (e.g., Early and Late Runs) have similar error characteristics in precipitation estimation. However, near-real-time products have larger errors than IMERG-F V6, as expected. Bias in all-India daily mean rainfall in the near-real-time IMERG products is about 3–4 times larger than research product. Both V5 and V6 IMERG-F estimates show similar error characteristics in daily precipitation estimation over the country. Similarly, both near-real-time and research products show similar characteristics in the detection of rainy days. However, IMERG-F V6 exhibits better performance in precipitation estimation and detection of rainy days during the GPM period (2014–2017) than the pre-GPM period (2010–2013). The contribution of different rainfall intensity intervals to total monsoon rainfall is captured well by the IMERG estimates. Furthermore, results reveal that IMERG estimates under-detect and overestimate light rainfall intensity of 2.5–7.5 mm day−1, which needs to be improved in the next release. The results of this study would be beneficial for end-users to integrate this multi-satellite product in any specific application. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-satellite precipitation estimate; Global Precipitation Measurement mission; southwest monsoon; rain gauge; error characteristics multi-satellite precipitation estimate; Global Precipitation Measurement mission; southwest monsoon; rain gauge; error characteristics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Prakash, S.; Srinivasan, J. A Comprehensive Evaluation of Near-Real-Time and Research Products of IMERG Precipitation over India for the Southwest Monsoon Period. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 3676. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13183676

AMA Style

Prakash S, Srinivasan J. A Comprehensive Evaluation of Near-Real-Time and Research Products of IMERG Precipitation over India for the Southwest Monsoon Period. Remote Sensing. 2021; 13(18):3676. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13183676

Chicago/Turabian Style

Prakash, Satya, and Jayaraman Srinivasan. 2021. "A Comprehensive Evaluation of Near-Real-Time and Research Products of IMERG Precipitation over India for the Southwest Monsoon Period" Remote Sensing 13, no. 18: 3676. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13183676

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