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Open AccessArticle

A New Approach of the Global Navigation Satellite System Tomography for Any Size of GNSS Network

1
School of Geography, Geomatics and Planning, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China
2
School of Environmental Science and Spatial Informatics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
3
Department of Geography, Earth System Science, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
4
College of Geomatics, Xi’an University of Science and Technology, Xi’an 710054, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2020, 12(4), 617; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12040617 (registering DOI)
Received: 30 November 2019 / Revised: 7 February 2020 / Accepted: 11 February 2020 / Published: 13 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue GPS/GNSS for Earth Science and Applications)
Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) tomography is a popular method for measuring and modelling water vapor in the troposphere. Presently, most studies use a cuboid-shaped tomographic region in their modelling, which represents the modelling region for all measurement epochs. This region is defined by the distribution of the GNSS signals skywards from a network of ground based GNSS stations for all epochs of measurements. However, in reality at each epoch the shape of the GNSS tomographic region is more likely to be an inverted cone. Unfortunately, this fixed conic tomographic region does not properly reflect the fact that the GNSS signal changes quickly over time. Therefore a dynamic or adaptive tomographic region is better suited. In this study, a new approach that adjusts the GNSS tomographic model to adapt the size of the GNSS network is proposed, which referred to as The High Flexibility GNSS Tomography (HFGT). Test data from different numbers of the GNSS stations are used and the results from HFGT are compared against that of radiosonde data (RS) to assess the accuracy of the HFGT approach. The results showed that the new approach is feasible for different numbers of the GNSS stations when a sufficient and uniformed distribution of GNSS signals is used. This is a novel approach for GNSS tomography. View Full-Text
Keywords: GNSS; tomographic technique; water vapor; meshing technique GNSS; tomographic technique; water vapor; meshing technique
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Ding, N.; Zhang, Y.; Li, L.; Yang, X.; Zhao, Q. A New Approach of the Global Navigation Satellite System Tomography for Any Size of GNSS Network. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 617.

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