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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Quality Assessment of PROBA-V Surface Albedo V1 for the Continuity of the Copernicus Climate Change Service

1
Earth Observation Laboratory (EOLAB), Parc Científic Universitat de València, C/Catedrático Augustín Escardino 9, 46980 Paterna (Valencia), Spain
2
HYGEOS, Euratechnologies, 165 Avenue de Bretagne, 59000 Lille, France
3
Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques (CNRM), Université de Toulouse, Météo France, CNRS 42, Avenue Gaspard Coriolis, 31057 Toulouse, France
4
Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO), Remote Sensing Unit, Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol, Belgium
5
European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), Shinfield Road, Reading RG2 8JD, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2020, 12(16), 2596; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12162596
Received: 15 July 2020 / Revised: 7 August 2020 / Accepted: 10 August 2020 / Published: 12 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Satellite Derived Global Land Product Validation)
The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) includes estimates of Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) as a series of Climate Data Records (CDRs) derived from satellite data. The C3S Surface Albedo (SA) v1.0 CDR is composed of observations from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Very High Resolution Radiometers (AVHRR) (1981–2005), and VEGETATION sensors onboard Satellites for the Observation of the Earth (SPOT/VGT) (1998–2014) and Project for Onboard Autonomy satellite (PROBA-V) (2014–2020), and will continue with Sentinel-3 (from 2020 onwards). The goal of this study is to assess the uncertainties associated with the C3S PROBA-V SA v1.0 product, with a focus on the transition from SPOT/VGT to PROBA-V. The methodology followed the good practices recommended by the Land Product Validation sub-group (LPV) of the Working Group on Calibration and Validation (WGCV) of the Committee on Earth Observing Satellites (CEOS) for the validation of satellite-derived global albedo products. Several performance criteria were evaluated, including an intercomparison with National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA) MCD43A3 C6 products. C3S PROBA-V SA v1.0 and MCD43A3 C6 showed similar completeness but had higher fractions of missing data than C3S SPOT/VGT SA v1.0. C3S PROBA-V SA v1.0 showed similar precision (~1%) to MCD43A3 C6, improving the results of SPOT/VGT SA v1.0 (2–3%), but C3S PROBA-V SA v1.0 provided residual noise in the near-infrared (NIR). Good spatio-temporal continuity between C3S PROBA-V and SPOT/VGT SA v1.0 products was found with a mean bias between ±2%. The comparison with MCD43A3 C6 showed positive mean biases (5%, 8%, and 12% for visible, NIR and total shortwave, respectively). The accuracy assessment with ground measurements showed a median error of 18.4% with systematic overestimation (positive bias of 11.5%). The percentage of PROBA-V retrievals complying with the C3S target requirements was 28.6%. View Full-Text
Keywords: surface albedo; validation; PROBA-V; C3S; CEOS LPV; SPOT/VGT; MCD43 surface albedo; validation; PROBA-V; C3S; CEOS LPV; SPOT/VGT; MCD43
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Sánchez-Zapero, J.; Camacho, F.; Martínez-Sánchez, E.; Lacaze, R.; Carrer, D.; Pinault, F.; Benhadj, I.; Muñoz-Sabater, J. Quality Assessment of PROBA-V Surface Albedo V1 for the Continuity of the Copernicus Climate Change Service. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 2596.

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