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Open AccessArticle

Integrating UAV and TLS Approaches for Environmental Management: A Case Study of a Waste Stockpile Area

Korea Environment Institute, Bldg. B, 370 Sicheong-daero, Sejong 30147, Korea
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Remote Sens. 2020, 12(10), 1615; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12101615
Received: 15 April 2020 / Revised: 14 May 2020 / Accepted: 16 May 2020 / Published: 18 May 2020
A methodology for optimal volume computation for the environmental management of waste stockpiles was derived by integrating the terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) technologies. Among the UAV-based point clouds generated under various flight scenarios, the most accurate point cloud was selected for analysis. The root mean square errors (RMSEs) of the TLS- and UAV-based methods were 0.202 and 0.032 m, respectively, and the volume computation yielded 41,226 and 41,526 m3, respectively. Both techniques showed high accuracy but also exhibited drawbacks in terms of their spatial features and efficiency. The TLS and UAV methods required 800 and 340 min, respectively, demonstrating the high efficiency of the UAV method. The RMSE and volume obtained using the TLS/UAV fusion model were calculated as 0.030 m and 41,232 m3, respectively. The UAV approach generally yielded high point cloud accuracy and volume computation efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: integration; point cloud; terrestrial laser scanning; unmanned aerial vehicle; volume computation integration; point cloud; terrestrial laser scanning; unmanned aerial vehicle; volume computation
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Son, S.W.; Kim, D.W.; Sung, W.G.; Yu, J.J. Integrating UAV and TLS Approaches for Environmental Management: A Case Study of a Waste Stockpile Area. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 1615.

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