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Open AccessArticle

Lossy Compression of Multispectral Satellite Images with Application to Crop Thematic Mapping: A HEVC Comparative Study

1
Department of Power, Electronic and Communication Engineering, Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 6, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
2
BioSense Institute, Zorana Djindjića 1, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
3
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Remote Sens. 2020, 12(10), 1590; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12101590
Received: 12 March 2020 / Revised: 22 April 2020 / Accepted: 25 April 2020 / Published: 16 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing Data Compression)
Remote sensing applications have gained in popularity in recent years, which has resulted in vast amounts of data being produced on a daily basis. Managing and delivering large sets of data becomes extremely difficult and resource demanding for the data vendors, but even more for individual users and third party stakeholders. Hence, research in the field of efficient remote sensing data handling and manipulation has become a very active research topic (from both storage and communication perspectives). Driven by the rapid growth in the volume of optical satellite measurements, in this work we explore the lossy compression technique for multispectral satellite images. We give a comprehensive analysis of the High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) still-image intra coding part applied to the multispectral image data. Thereafter, we analyze the impact of the distortions introduced by the HEVC’s intra compression in the general case, as well as in the specific context of crop classification application. Results show that HEVC’s intra coding achieves better trade-off between compression gain and image quality, as compared to standard JPEG 2000 solution. On the other hand, this also reflects in the better performance of the designed pixel-based classifier in the analyzed crop classification task. We show that HEVC can obtain up to 150:1 compression ratio, when observing compression in the context of specific application, without significantly losing on classification performance compared to classifier trained and applied on raw data. In comparison, in order to maintain the same performance, JPEG 2000 allows compression ratio up to 70:1. View Full-Text
Keywords: HEVC; intra coding; JPEG 2000; high bit-depth compression; multispectral satellite images; crop classification; Landsat-8; Sentinel-2 HEVC; intra coding; JPEG 2000; high bit-depth compression; multispectral satellite images; crop classification; Landsat-8; Sentinel-2
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MDPI and ACS Style

Radosavljević, M.; Brkljač, B.; Lugonja, P.; Crnojević, V.; Trpovski, Ž.; Xiong, Z.; Vukobratović, D. Lossy Compression of Multispectral Satellite Images with Application to Crop Thematic Mapping: A HEVC Comparative Study. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 1590.

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