In this study, the goal is to estimate the sedimentation on the bottom bed of Lake Taihu using numerical simulation combined with geostationary satellite ocean color data. A two-dimensional (2D) model that couples the dynamics of shallow water and sediment transport is presented. The shallow water equations are solved using a semi-implicit finite difference method with an Alternating Direction Implicit (ADI) method. Suspended sediment transport is simulated by solving the general convection-diffusion equation with resuspension and deposition terms using a second-order explicit central difference method in space and two-step Adams–Bashforth method in time. Moreover, the total suspended particulate matter (TSM) is retrieved by the world’s first geostationary satellite ocean color sensor Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) using atmospheric correction algorithm for turbid waters using ultraviolet wavelengths (UV-AC) and regional empirical TSM algorithm. The 2D model and GOCI-retrieved TSM are applied to study the sediment transport and sedimentation in Lake Taihu. Validation results show rationale TSM concentration retrieved by GOCI, and the simulated TSM concentrations are consistent with GOCI observations. In addition, simulated sedimentation results reveal the dangerous locations that must be observed and desilted.
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