Due to incomprehensive and inaccurate scattering modeling, the state-of-the-art polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR) model-based target decompositions are incapable of effectively depicting the scattering mechanism of obliquely oriented urban areas. In this paper, a seven-component model-based decomposition scheme is proposed by constructing several sophisticated scattering models. First, an eigenvalue-based obliquely-oriented dihedral scattering model is presented to reasonably distribute the co-polarization and cross-polarization scattering powers in obliquely oriented urban areas, thus accurately characterizing the urban scattering. Second, the ±45° oriented dipole and ±45° quarter-wave reflector scattering models are incorporated for the purpose of accounting for the real and imaginary components of the
element in the coherency matrix so as to fully utilize polarimetric information. Finally, according to their mathematical forms, several strategies for model parameter solutions are designed, and the seven-component decomposition is fulfilled. Experimental results conducted on different PolSAR data demonstrate that the proposed method considerably improves the PolSAR scattering interpretation in a more physical manner compared to other existing model-based decomposition, which can be applied for urban area detection, classification, and other urban planning applications.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited