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Open AccessArticle

Geometric Characterization of Vines from 3D Point Clouds Obtained with Laser Scanner Systems

AgroForestry and Cartographic Precision Research Group. University of Castilla—La Mancha, Regional Development Institute, Campus Universitario s/n, 02071 Albacete, Spain
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Remote Sens. 2019, 11(20), 2365; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11202365
Received: 30 August 2019 / Revised: 9 October 2019 / Accepted: 10 October 2019 / Published: 12 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mobile Mapping Technologies)
The 3D digital characterization of vegetation is a growing practice in the agronomy sector. Precision agriculture is sustained, among other methods, by variables that remote sensing techniques can digitize. At present, laser scanners make it possible to digitize three-dimensional crop geometry in the form of point clouds. In this work, we developed several methods for calculating the volume of vine wood, with the final intention of using these values as indicators of vegetative vigor on a thematic map. For this, we used a static terrestrial laser scanner (TLS), a mobile scanning system (MMS), and six algorithms that were implemented and adapted to the data captured and to the proposed objective. The results show that, with TLS equipment and the algorithm called convex hull cluster, the volumes of a vine trunk can be obtained with a relative error lower than 7%. Although the accuracy and detail of the cloud obtained with TLS are very high, the cost per unit for the scanned area limits the application of this system for large areas. In contrast to the inoperability of the TLS in large areas of terrain, the MMS and the algorithm based on the L1-medial skeleton and the modelling of cylinders of a certain height and diameter have solved the estimation of volumes with a relative error better than 3%. To conclude, the vigor map elaborated represents the estimated volume of each vine by this method. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vitis vinifera; terrestrial laser scanning; plant vigor; mobile mapping; precision agriculture; vine size Vitis vinifera; terrestrial laser scanning; plant vigor; mobile mapping; precision agriculture; vine size
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MDPI and ACS Style

del-Campo-Sanchez, A.; Moreno, M.; Ballesteros, R.; Hernandez-Lopez, D. Geometric Characterization of Vines from 3D Point Clouds Obtained with Laser Scanner Systems. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 2365.

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