Non-contact and active vegetation or plant parameters extraction using hyperspectral information is a prospective research direction among the remote sensing community. Hyperspectral LiDAR (HSL) is an instrument capable of acquiring spectral and spatial information actively, which could mitigate the environmental illumination influence on the spectral information collection. However, HSL usually has limited spectral resolution and coverage, which is vital for vegetation parameter extraction. In this paper, to broaden the HSL spectral range and increase the spectral resolution, an Acousto-optical Tunable Filter based Hyperspectral LiDAR (AOTF-HSL) with 10 nm spectral resolution, consecutively covering from 500–1000 nm, was designed. The AOTF-HSL was employed and evaluated for vegetation parameters extraction. “Red Edge” parameters of four different plants with green and yellow leaves were extracted in the lab experiments for evaluating the HSL vegetation parameter extraction capacity. The experiments were composed of two parts. Firstly, the first-order derivative of the spectral reflectance was employed to extract the “Red Edge” position (REP), “Red Edge” slope (RES) and “Red Edge” area (REA) of these green and yellow leaves. The results were compared with the referenced value from a standard SVC©
HR-1024 spectrometer for validation. Green leaf parameter differences between HSL and SVC results were minor, which supported that notion the HSL was practical for extracting the employed parameter as an active method. Secondly, another two different REP extraction methods, Linear Four-point Interpolation technology (LFPIT) and Linear Extrapolation technology (LET), were utilized for further evaluation of using the AOTF-HSL spectral profile to determine the REP value. The differences between the plant green leaves’ REP results extracted using the three methods were all below 10%, and the some of them were below 1%, which further demonstrated that the spectral data collected from HSL with this spectral range and resolution settings was applicable for “Red Edge” parameters extraction.
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