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Open AccessArticle

p-ICP Coastline Inflection Method for Geolocation Error Estimation in FY-3 MWRI Data

1
Hubei Key Laboratory of Applied Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics and Statistics, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China
2
National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2019, 11(16), 1886; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11161886
Received: 14 June 2019 / Revised: 4 August 2019 / Accepted: 7 August 2019 / Published: 12 August 2019
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Abstract

Known as input in the Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) models, Microwave Radiation Imager (MWRI) data have been widely distributed to the user community. With the development of remote sensing technology, improving the geolocation accuracy of MWRI data are required and the first step is to estimate the geolocation error accurately. However, the traditional method, such as the coastline inflection method (CIM), usually has the disadvantages of low accuracy and poor anti-noise ability. To overcome these limitations, this paper proposes a novel p iterative closest point coastline inflection method ( p -ICP CIM). It assumes that the field of views (FOVs) across the coastline can degenerate into a step function and employs an p ( 0 p < 1 ) sparse regularization optimization model to solve the coastline point. After estimating the coastline points, the ICP algorithm is employed to estimate the corresponding relationship between the estimated coastline points and the real coastline. Finally, the geolocation error can be defined as the distance between the estimated coastline point and the corresponding point on the true coastline. Experimental results on simulated and real data sets show the effectiveness of our method over CIM. The accuracy of the geolocation error estimated by p -ICP CIM is up to 0.1 pixel, in more than 90 % of cases. We also show that the distribution of brightness temperature near the coastline is more consistent with the real coastline and the average geolocation error is reduced by 63 % after geolocation error correction. View Full-Text
Keywords: MWRI; FengYun-3; geolocation error; coastline inflection method; P sparse regularization optimization; iterative closest point MWRI; FengYun-3; geolocation error; coastline inflection method; P sparse regularization optimization; iterative closest point
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zhao, X.; Chen, N.; Li, W.; Peng, J.; Shen, L. p-ICP Coastline Inflection Method for Geolocation Error Estimation in FY-3 MWRI Data. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 1886.

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