Asymmetric Effects of Daytime and Nighttime Warming on Boreal Forest Spring Phenology
AbstractVegetation phenology is the most intuitive and sensitive biological indicator of environmental conditions, and the start of the season (SOS) can reflect the rapid response of terrestrial ecosystems to climate change. At present, the model based on mean temperature neglects the role of the daytime maximum temperature (TMAX) and the nighttime minimum temperature (TMIN) in providing temperature accumulation and cold conditions at leaf onset. This study analyzed the spatiotemporal variations of spring phenology for the boreal forest from 2001 to 2017 based on the moderate-resolution imaging spectro-radiometer (MODIS) enhanced vegetation index (EVI) data (MOD13A2) and investigated the asymmetric effects of daytime and nighttime warming on the boreal forest spring phenology during TMAX and TMIN preseason by partial correlation analysis. The results showed that the spring phenology was delayed with increasing latitude of the boreal forest. Approximately 91.37% of the region showed an advancing trend during the study period, with an average advancement rate of 3.38 ± 0.08 days/decade, and the change rates of different land cover types differed, especially in open shrubland. The length of the TMIN preseason was longer than that of the TMAX preseason and diurnal temperatures showed an asymmetrical increase during different preseasons. The daytime and nighttime warming effects on the boreal forest are asymmetrical. The TMAX has a greater impact on the vegetation spring phenology than TMIN as a whole and the effect also has seasonal differences; the TMAX mainly affects the SOS in spring, while TMIN has a greater impact in winter. The asymmetric effects of daytime and nighttime warming on the SOS in the boreal forest were highlighted in this study, and the results suggest that diurnal temperatures should be added to the forest terrestrial ecosystem model. View Full-Text
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Deng, G.; Zhang, H.; Guo, X.; Shan, Y.; Ying, H.; Rihan, W.; Li, H.; Han, Y. Asymmetric Effects of Daytime and Nighttime Warming on Boreal Forest Spring Phenology. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 1651.
Deng G, Zhang H, Guo X, Shan Y, Ying H, Rihan W, Li H, Han Y. Asymmetric Effects of Daytime and Nighttime Warming on Boreal Forest Spring Phenology. Remote Sensing. 2019; 11(14):1651.Chicago/Turabian Style
Deng, Guorong; Zhang, Hongyan; Guo, Xiaoyi; Shan, Yu; Ying, Hong; Rihan, Wu; Li, Hui; Han, Yangli. 2019. "Asymmetric Effects of Daytime and Nighttime Warming on Boreal Forest Spring Phenology." Remote Sens. 11, no. 14: 1651.
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