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Open AccessArticle

Deformations and Morphology Changes Associated with the 2016–2017 Eruption Sequence at Bezymianny Volcano, Kamchatka

1
Department of Geophysics, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Telegrafenberg, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
2
Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Piipa boulevard, 9, 683006 Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskii, Russia
3
Kamchatkan Branch of Geophysical Survey, Russian Academy of Sciences, Piipa boulevard, 9, 683006 Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskii, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2019, 11(11), 1278; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11111278
Received: 29 April 2019 / Revised: 22 May 2019 / Accepted: 24 May 2019 / Published: 29 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing of Volcanic Processes and Risk)
Lava domes grow by extrusions and intrusions of viscous magma often initiating from a central volcanic vent, and they are frequently defining the source region of hazardous explosive eruptions and pyroclastic density currents. Thus, close monitoring of dome building processes is crucial, but often limited to low data resolution, hazardous access, and poor visibility. Here, we investigated the 2016–2017 eruptive sequence of the dome building Bezymianny volcano, Kamchatka, with spot-mode TerraSAR-X acquisitions, and complement the analysis with webcam imagery and seismic data. Our results reveal clear morphometric changes preceding eruptions that are associated with intrusions and extrusions. Pixel offset measurements show >7 months of precursory plug extrusion, being locally defined and exceeding 30 m of deformation, chiefly without detected seismicity. After a short explosion, three months of lava dome evolution were characterised by extrusions and intrusion. Our data suggest that the growth mechanisms were significantly governed by magma supply rate and shallow upper conduit solidification that deflected magmatic intrusions into the uppermost parts of the dome. The integrated approach contributes significantly to a better understanding of precursory activity and complex growth interactions at dome building volcanoes, and shows that intrusive and extrusive growth is acting in chorus at Bezymianny volcano. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bezymianny; volcano deformation; monitoring; lava dome; inflation; SAR imaging; radar pixel offsets Bezymianny; volcano deformation; monitoring; lava dome; inflation; SAR imaging; radar pixel offsets
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Mania, R.; Walter, T.R.; Belousova, M.; Belousov, A.; Senyukov, S.L. Deformations and Morphology Changes Associated with the 2016–2017 Eruption Sequence at Bezymianny Volcano, Kamchatka. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 1278.

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