Monitoring of the 2015 Villarrica Volcano Eruption by Means of DLR’s Experimental TET-1 Satellite
AbstractVillarrica Volcano is one of the most active volcanoes in the South Andes Volcanic Zone. This article presents the results of a monitoring of the time before and after the 3 March 2015 eruption by analyzing nine satellite images acquired by the Technology Experiment Carrier-1 (TET-1), a small experimental German Aerospace Center (DLR) satellite. An atmospheric correction of the TET-1 data is presented, based on the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Global Emissivity Database (GDEM) and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) water vapor data with the shortest temporal baseline to the TET-1 acquisitions. Next, the temperature, area coverage, and radiant power of the detected thermal hotspots were derived at subpixel level and compared with observations derived from MODIS and Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) data. Thermal anomalies were detected nine days before the eruption. After the decrease of the radiant power following the 3 March 2015 eruption, a stronger increase of the radiant power was observed on 25 April 2015. In addition, we show that the eruption-related ash coverage of the glacier at Villarrica Volcano could clearly be detected in TET-1 imagery. Landsat-8 imagery was analyzed for comparison. The information extracted from the TET-1 thermal data is thought be used in future to support and complement ground-based observations of active volcanoes. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Plank, S.; Nolde, M.; Richter, R.; Fischer, C.; Martinis, S.; Riedlinger, T.; Schoepfer, E.; Klein, D. Monitoring of the 2015 Villarrica Volcano Eruption by Means of DLR’s Experimental TET-1 Satellite. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1379.
Plank S, Nolde M, Richter R, Fischer C, Martinis S, Riedlinger T, Schoepfer E, Klein D. Monitoring of the 2015 Villarrica Volcano Eruption by Means of DLR’s Experimental TET-1 Satellite. Remote Sensing. 2018; 10(9):1379.Chicago/Turabian Style
Plank, Simon; Nolde, Michael; Richter, Rudolf; Fischer, Christian; Martinis, Sandro; Riedlinger, Torsten; Schoepfer, Elisabeth; Klein, Doris. 2018. "Monitoring of the 2015 Villarrica Volcano Eruption by Means of DLR’s Experimental TET-1 Satellite." Remote Sens. 10, no. 9: 1379.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.