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Remote Sens. 2018, 10(9), 1354; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10091354

Validation of CryoSat-2 SARIn Data over Austfonna Ice Cap Using Airborne Laser Scanner Measurements

1
Department of Geodynamics, Technical University of Denmark, DTU-Space, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
2
ASIAQ-Greenland Survey, 3900 Nuuk, Greenland
3
Department of Geography, Environment and Geomatics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
4
Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Department of Glaciology, 27568 Bremerhaven, Germany
5
NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 329C—Sea Level and Ice, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109-8099, USA
6
European Space Agency, Mission Science Division, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 July 2018 / Revised: 15 August 2018 / Accepted: 22 August 2018 / Published: 25 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Land Surface Fluxes)
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Abstract

The study presented here is focused on the assessment of surface elevations derived from CryoSat-2 SARIn level 1b data over the Austfonna ice cap, Svalbard, in 2016. The processing chain that must be applied to the CryoSat-2 waveforms to derive heights is non-trivial, and consists of multiple steps, all requiring subjective choices of methods such as the choice of retracker, geo-relocation, and outlier rejection. Here, we compare six CryoSat-2 level-2 type data sets of surface elevations derived using different SARIn processing chains. These data sets are validated against surface elevation data collected from an airborne laser scanner, during a dedicated CryoSat validation experiment field campaign carried out in April 2016. The flight pattern of the airborne campaign was designed so that elevations were measured in a grid pattern rather than along single lines, as has previously been the standard procedure. The flight grid pattern was chosen to optimize the comparison with the CryoSat-2 SARIn elevation data, the location of which can deviate from nadir by several kilometers due to topography within the satellite footprint. The processing chains behind the six data sets include different outlier/error rejection approaches, and do not produce the same number of data points in our region of interest. To make a consistent analysis, we provide statistics from the validation of both the full data sets from each processing chain, and on only those data that all the six data sets provide a geo-located elevation estimate for. We find that the CryoSat-2 data sets that agree best with the validation data are those derived from dedicated land ice processing schemes. This study may serve as a benchmark for future CryoSat-2 retracker developments, and the evaluation software and data set are made publicly available. View Full-Text
Keywords: CryoSat-2; validation; Austfonna; airborne measurements; CryoVEx CryoSat-2; validation; Austfonna; airborne measurements; CryoVEx
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Sandberg Sørensen, L.; Simonsen, S.B.; Langley, K.; Gray, L.; Helm, V.; Nilsson, J.; Stenseng, L.; Skourup, H.; Forsberg, R.; Davidson, M.W.J. Validation of CryoSat-2 SARIn Data over Austfonna Ice Cap Using Airborne Laser Scanner Measurements. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1354.

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