Next Article in Journal
Less Meat Initiatives at Ghent University: Assessing the Support among Students and How to Increase It
Next Article in Special Issue
Differences of Cycling Experiences and Perceptions between E-Bike and Bicycle Users in the United States
Previous Article in Journal
Are Korean Households Willing to Pay a Premium for Induction Cooktops over Gas Stoves?
Previous Article in Special Issue
Ecological Footprint Analysis Based on Changing Food Consumption in a Poorly Developed Area of China
Open AccessArticle

Communication Networks and Performance of Four New Delhi City Parks

Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE), Royal Enclave, Jakkur Post, Srirampura, Bangalore 560064, India
Manipal University, Manipal 576104, India
School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, Delhi 110067, India
Danube Research Institute, MTA Centre for Ecological Research, Karolina út 29, 1113 Budapest, Hungary
School of Development, Azim Premji University, Pixel B, PESIT Campus, Electronics City, Hosur Road, Bangalore 560100, India
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1551;
Received: 26 June 2017 / Revised: 19 August 2017 / Accepted: 27 August 2017 / Published: 31 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in an Urbanizing World: The Role of People)
PDF [1743 KB, uploaded 31 August 2017]


Urban green spaces are very important for human wellbeing and environmental sustainability. The efficiency of managing urban green spaces often depends on communication and integration of information. We performed a social network analysis survey for assessing the communication structure among the staff in four New Delhi city parks. We were interested in the relationship between three topological properties of the social networks (centre of gravity, MaxS, compactness) and three network-independent attributes of their performance (average satisfaction, visitor’s median expected improvements, number of species identified). The presence of a dynamic leader, improved communication and flow of information down the hierarchical chain and lastly, maximization of interaction and strengthening of relationships of the co-workers are three network properties that emerge as very important for a well-performing park. Through this study, we demonstrate the ability of social network analysis to provide simple, yet powerful, insights that can assist in improving the management of urban green spaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: social network; parks; conservation management; India social network; parks; conservation management; India

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Paul, S.; Jordán, F.; Nagendra, H. Communication Networks and Performance of Four New Delhi City Parks. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1551.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top