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Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1442;

The Future of Sustainable Urbanism: Society-Based, Complexity-Led, and Landscape-Driven

Faculty of Design, Architecture and Building, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo 2007, Australia
Received: 17 July 2017 / Revised: 6 August 2017 / Accepted: 13 August 2017 / Published: 15 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Architecture and Design)
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This article discusses the question: where to with sustainable urbanism? It includes a historic review of the concept of sustainable urbanism and reviews of recent literature in the field of eco-cities. Through these reviews, it deliberately interrogates new pathways for sustainable urbanism. The result of this investigation is the insight that there are six design principles that are required to create a sustainable city: a design in which cycles are closed, redundancy is built in, anti-fragility is created, citizens are seen as (design) experts, the landscape is used as the basis, and innovative, rule-breaking designs are developed. These six design principles are then captured in three comprehensive concepts, which together support the design of a sustainable city: the design approach needs to be a (1) society-based; (2) complexity-led, and (3) landscape-driven design approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable urbanism; green city; eco-city; complexity; society; landscape sustainable urbanism; green city; eco-city; complexity; society; landscape

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Roggema, R. The Future of Sustainable Urbanism: Society-Based, Complexity-Led, and Landscape-Driven. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1442.

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