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The Future of Sustainable Urbanism: Society-Based, Complexity-Led, and Landscape-Driven

Faculty of Design, Architecture and Building, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo 2007, Australia
Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1442; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9081442
Received: 17 July 2017 / Revised: 6 August 2017 / Accepted: 13 August 2017 / Published: 15 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Architecture and Design)
This article discusses the question: where to with sustainable urbanism? It includes a historic review of the concept of sustainable urbanism and reviews of recent literature in the field of eco-cities. Through these reviews, it deliberately interrogates new pathways for sustainable urbanism. The result of this investigation is the insight that there are six design principles that are required to create a sustainable city: a design in which cycles are closed, redundancy is built in, anti-fragility is created, citizens are seen as (design) experts, the landscape is used as the basis, and innovative, rule-breaking designs are developed. These six design principles are then captured in three comprehensive concepts, which together support the design of a sustainable city: the design approach needs to be a (1) society-based; (2) complexity-led, and (3) landscape-driven design approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable urbanism; green city; eco-city; complexity; society; landscape sustainable urbanism; green city; eco-city; complexity; society; landscape
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Roggema, R. The Future of Sustainable Urbanism: Society-Based, Complexity-Led, and Landscape-Driven. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1442.

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