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Analysis of the Characteristics of Traditional Rural Constructions for Animal Corrals in the Adriatic-Ionian Area

1
Freelance Practitioner Architect, Cellamare 70010, Italy
2
Historical Institute, University of Montenegro, Podgorica 81000, Montenegro
3
Post-Graduate School of Archaeology, University of Basilicata, Matera 75100, Italy
4
SAFE School, University of Basilicata, Potenza 85100, Italy
5
Center for Sustainable Spatial Environment, Expeditio, Kotor 85330, Montenegro
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1441; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9081441
Received: 17 June 2017 / Revised: 4 August 2017 / Accepted: 11 August 2017 / Published: 15 August 2017
The purpose of the present study is a comparative analysis of the characteristics of traditional rural constructions constituted by temporary settlements for animal corrals, employed for vertical transhumance or nomadic pastoralism, spread over the mountain regions of three different Countries of the Adriatic-Ionian area, i.e., Greece, Italy and Montenegro. The main methods applied in this research were the detection and typological survey of some examples of these rural constructions located in Southern Italy, whose typical dimensions, building material and constructive technologies were detected and analysed. Major findings of the research have been the identification of some similarities connecting architecture and building material of these constructions, which revealed common technologies applied by people from different countries that, despite different socio-economical and cultural traditions, have employed similar techniques, implementing simple but very effective constructive building principles. Main conclusions are connected to the possible restoration of these constructions that, designed over the centuries in order to fulfil their primary agricultural role, now constitute a widespread cultural heritage with a significant architectural value, influencing the agricultural environment and the visual perception of its landscape that, within the current re-discover of the agricultural heritage, may play a central role, even though new activities related to rural tourism. View Full-Text
Keywords: rural land; animal corral; transhumance; rural buildings; agro-tourism; Adriatic-Ionian area rural land; animal corral; transhumance; rural buildings; agro-tourism; Adriatic-Ionian area
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Picuno, C.A.; Laković, I.; Roubis, D.; Picuno, P.; Kapetanović, A. Analysis of the Characteristics of Traditional Rural Constructions for Animal Corrals in the Adriatic-Ionian Area. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1441.

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