A Consistent Fuzzy Preference Relations Based ANP Model for R&D Project Selection
AbstractIn today’s rapidly changing economy, technology companies have to make decisions on research and development (R&D) projects investment on a routine bases with such decisions having a direct impact on that company’s profitability, sustainability and future growth. Companies seeking profitable opportunities for investment and project selection must consider many factors such as resource limitations and differences in assessment, with consideration of both qualitative and quantitative criteria. Often, differences in perception by the various stakeholders hinder the attainment of a consensus of opinion and coordination efforts. Thus, in this study, a hybrid model is developed for the consideration of the complex criteria taking into account the different opinions of the various stakeholders who often come from different departments within the company and have different opinions about which direction to take. The decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) approach is used to convert the cause and effect relations representing the criteria into a visual network structure. A consistent fuzzy preference relations based analytic network process (CFPR-ANP) method is developed to calculate the preference-weights of the criteria based on the derived network structure. The CFPR-ANP is an improvement over the original analytic network process (ANP) method in that it reduces the problem of inconsistency as well as the number of pairwise comparisons. The combined complex proportional assessment (COPRAS-G) method is applied with fuzzy grey relations to resolve conflicts arising from differences in information and opinions provided by the different stakeholders about the selection of the most suitable R&D projects. This novel combination approach is then used to assist an international brand-name company to prioritize projects and make project decisions that will maximize returns and ensure sustainability for the company. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Cheng, C.-H.; Liou, J.J.H.; Chiu, C.-Y. A Consistent Fuzzy Preference Relations Based ANP Model for R&D Project Selection. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1352.
Cheng C-H, Liou JJH, Chiu C-Y. A Consistent Fuzzy Preference Relations Based ANP Model for R&D Project Selection. Sustainability. 2017; 9(8):1352.Chicago/Turabian Style
Cheng, Chia-Hua; Liou, James J.H.; Chiu, Chui-Yu. 2017. "A Consistent Fuzzy Preference Relations Based ANP Model for R&D Project Selection." Sustainability 9, no. 8: 1352.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.