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Benefit-Sharing Arrangements between Oil Companies and Indigenous People in Russian Northern Regions

1
Department of Comparative Political Studies, North-West Institute of Management, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Faculty of law, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi 96300, Finland
2
Centre for Independent Social Research, Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen 6708 PB, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1326; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9081326
Received: 28 June 2017 / Revised: 24 July 2017 / Accepted: 25 July 2017 / Published: 29 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Sustainability and Applications)
This research provides an insight into various modes of benefit-sharing agreements between oil and gas companies and indigenous people in Russia’s northern regions, e.g., paternalism, corporate social responsibility, and partnership. The paper examines factors that influence benefit-sharing arrangements, such as regional specifics, dependency on international investors, corporate policies, and the level of local community organization. It analyses which instruments of benefit-sharing are most favourable, and why, for indigenous communities. The authors conducted research in three regions of Russia (Nenets Autonomous Okrug; Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, and Sakhalin) by using qualitative methodology that involved semi-structured interviews, participant observation, and document analysis. Theoretically, the paper builds on the concept of benefit-sharing arrangements combined with the social equity framework. We assessed each case study in terms of procedural and distributive equity in benefit-sharing. The paper demonstrates that the procedural equity is the highest in the partnership mode of benefit-sharing on the island of Sakhalin where companies implement globally-accepted standards recognized by investment banks. The cases in Nenets Autonomous Okrug and Khanti Mansi Autonomous Okrug represent a reset of Soviet practices on a market basis, but whereas the distributional equity may be sufficient, the procedural equity is low as decisions are made by the company in concord with regional authorities. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; indigenous people; oil and gas companies; benefit-sharing arrangements; Russian northern regions sustainability; indigenous people; oil and gas companies; benefit-sharing arrangements; Russian northern regions
MDPI and ACS Style

Tulaeva, S.; Tysiachniouk, M. Benefit-Sharing Arrangements between Oil Companies and Indigenous People in Russian Northern Regions. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1326. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9081326

AMA Style

Tulaeva S, Tysiachniouk M. Benefit-Sharing Arrangements between Oil Companies and Indigenous People in Russian Northern Regions. Sustainability. 2017; 9(8):1326. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9081326

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tulaeva, Svetlana, and Maria Tysiachniouk. 2017. "Benefit-Sharing Arrangements between Oil Companies and Indigenous People in Russian Northern Regions" Sustainability 9, no. 8: 1326. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9081326

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