Next Article in Journal
Multi-Objective Spatial Optimization: Sustainable Land Use Allocation at Sub-Regional Scale
Previous Article in Journal
Taking the Time Characteristic into Account of Life Cycle Assessment: Method and Application for Buildings
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(6), 912;

Energy Efficiency, Ownership Structure, and Sustainable Development: Evidence from China

Business School, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China
School of Mathematical Sciences, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Tomonobu Senjyu and Marc A. Rosen
Received: 6 March 2017 / Revised: 25 May 2017 / Accepted: 27 May 2017 / Published: 1 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
Full-Text   |   PDF [5284 KB, uploaded 1 June 2017]   |  


Low energy efficiency and severe environmental pollution are two growing issues haunting China’s fast economic development. Under China’s current development model, economic growth still heavily depends on massive energy input, which makes energy efficiency one crucial topic in order to secure future sustainable development of China. This paper focuses on the unique energy ownership structure of China, and designs and adopts MATLAB programming for optimization solutions of multi-variable constrained nonlinear functions to obtain results that can better reflect China’s energy efficiency and solutions to sustainable development of China. Using this model, this paper conducts an empirical analysis on the impact of difference energy investment behaviors between China’s state-owned entities and non-state-owned business on China’s Total Factor Energy Efficiency (TFEE) and sustainable development from 2003 to 2014. We find that Beijing and Shanghai represent the highest energy efficiency level in China. However, except for the more developed regions in Eastern China, for other provinces in Northeast China, Central China and Western China, the TFEE of energy investment by state-owned and non-state-owned economies are both quite low compared with the optimal level. Based on the above findings from the empirical study and detailed analysis by region, this paper discusses the possible reasons for China’s low TFEE and provides implications and policy recommendations. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy; efficiency; sustainable development; ownership; DEA; SBM energy; efficiency; sustainable development; ownership; DEA; SBM

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, W.; Li, L. Energy Efficiency, Ownership Structure, and Sustainable Development: Evidence from China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 912.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top