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Do Forwarders Improve Sustainability Efficiency? Evidence from a European DEA Malmquist Index Calculation

1
Department of Industrial Engineering and Business Information Systems (IEBIS), University of Twente, Drienerlolaan 5, 7522 NB Enschede, The Netherlands
2
Institute for Logistics and Service Management, FOM University of Applied Sciences, Leimkugelstr. 6, 45141 Essen, Germany
Academic Editor: Ernest Reig-Martínez
Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 842; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9050842
Received: 27 March 2017 / Revised: 10 May 2017 / Accepted: 11 May 2017 / Published: 18 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
Sustainability performance and efficiency is an important topic in transportation and for forwarders. This is shown, for example, by the fact that major logistics service providers LSP publish sustainability reports, often within the annual legal business report. However, in depth research is missing regarding the efficiency of forwarders regarding the established triple bottom line approach for sustainability, including economic, social, and ecology performance areas. This is especially true for a dynamic time-series perspective, as usually only static analyses for one point in time are presented (in most cases single business years). Therefore, the operations research technique of a data envelopment analysis (DEA) Malmquist index calculation is used in order to provide a longitudinal calculation of efficiency, incorporating multiple objectives regarding the triple bottom line approach for European forwarders. Several indicators are tested, including total revenues and assets as input types, profit (EBIT) and dividend volume (economic dimension), employment and gender equality in management (social), and carbon-equivalent emissions (environmental) as output types. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability efficiency; DEA Malmquist index; European logistics service providers sustainability efficiency; DEA Malmquist index; European logistics service providers
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Klumpp, M. Do Forwarders Improve Sustainability Efficiency? Evidence from a European DEA Malmquist Index Calculation. Sustainability 2017, 9, 842.

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