Emergy Evaluation of Dwelling Operation in Five Housing Units of Montreal Island, Canada
AbstractSustainability of cities and the environmental implications of high resource utilization by the domestic sector are growing concerns related to urban regions. Well-informed urban planning decision-making is an essential tool to help in the task and, for that, an important point to consider is the influence of parameters like residential density and housing typology on the intensity of resource utilization. Emergy synthesis, a life-cycle energy analysis methodological approach that considers the interaction of natural and human-made flows, was used to evaluate the environmental support for dwelling operational stage in five typical present-day housing units on the island of Montreal. As expected, resource utilization, measured as total emergy used, was positively correlated to housing unit size both with respect to number of occupants and dwelling size. Results suggest that variables affecting notably the intensity of resource utilization are per household income and per dweller habitable space and, while a higher income increased per capita emergy in all cases, increasing space availability per resident did not result in a decrease of empower density after 50 m2/person. Future work should consider lower and higher densities and analyses at the scale of blocks, neighborhoods and urban planning zones. View Full-Text
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Vega-Azamar, R.E.; Romero-López, R.; Oropeza-García, N.A.; Glaus, M.; Hausler, R.; Silva-Poot, H.S. Emergy Evaluation of Dwelling Operation in Five Housing Units of Montreal Island, Canada. Sustainability 2017, 9, 663.
Vega-Azamar RE, Romero-López R, Oropeza-García NA, Glaus M, Hausler R, Silva-Poot HS. Emergy Evaluation of Dwelling Operation in Five Housing Units of Montreal Island, Canada. Sustainability. 2017; 9(4):663.Chicago/Turabian Style
Vega-Azamar, Ricardo E.; Romero-López, Rabindranarth; Oropeza-García, Norma A.; Glaus, Mathias; Hausler, Robert; Silva-Poot, Herlinda S. 2017. "Emergy Evaluation of Dwelling Operation in Five Housing Units of Montreal Island, Canada." Sustainability 9, no. 4: 663.
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