Next Article in Journal
Life and Death of Industrial Ecosystems
Next Article in Special Issue
Improvements in Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Capacities after Shrub Planting to Stabilize Sand Dunes in China’s Horqin Sandy Land
Previous Article in Journal
Towards Sustainable Public Health Surveillance in India: Using Routinely Collected Electronic Emergency Medical Service Data for Early Warning of Infectious Diseases
Previous Article in Special Issue
Exotic Invasive Shrub Glossy Buckthorn Reduces Restoration Potential for Native Forest Herbs
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 598;

Estimating Residents’ Preferences of the Land Use Program Surrounding Forest Park, Taiwan

Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, National Dong Hwa University, No. 1, Sec. 2, Da Hsueh Rd., Shoufeng, Hualien 97401, Taiwan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Takuo Nagaike and Marc A. Rosen
Received: 16 November 2016 / Revised: 21 March 2017 / Accepted: 6 April 2017 / Published: 13 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecological Restoration for Sustainable Forest Management)
Full-Text   |   PDF [5772 KB, uploaded 25 April 2017]   |  


This paper aims to build up a preference function to evaluate the public benefits of the type of agricultural farming, biodiversity, water provisions, land use type, ecotourism modes, and a monetary attribute (willingness to pay and willingness to work) associated with an ecosystem service and land use program in a forest park. This study used choice experiments to build a random utility model, analyze the average preference for the above land use attributes based on the conditional logit (CL) and used a latent class model to test the residents’ heterogeneous preferences for land use planning in the forest park. We also estimated the welfare derived from various land use programs. The empirical result has shown that: (1) increasing organic farming area, increasing the surface water provision, increasing the area of custom flora, increasing the wetland area, and setting up an integrated framework for ecotourism increase the public’s preference for the land use program; (2) farmer and non-farmers do not have the same land use preferences, attributes, marginal willingness to pay and willingness to work; and (3) the ecotourism development program incorporating biodiversity, organic farming, ethnobotany, and wetland area with integrated ecotourism has the highest values when compared to other land use program scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: land use preference; sustainable development; natural conservation land use preference; sustainable development; natural conservation

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary materials

  • Supplementary File 1:

    ZIP-Document (ZIP, 236 KB)

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Doi: non
    Link: http://non
    Description: research data

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, C.-H.; Wang, C.-H. Estimating Residents’ Preferences of the Land Use Program Surrounding Forest Park, Taiwan. Sustainability 2017, 9, 598.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top