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Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 531;

Rural Second Homes and Their Impacts on Rural Development: A Case Study in East Iran

Imam Khomeini Higher Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj ‎3177777411, Iran
Islamic Azad University, Birjand 9717411111, Iran
LISER, Belval 4366, Luxembourg
Department of Geography, Ghent University, Ghent 9000, Belgium
Department of Geography, University of Tartu, Tartu 21014, Estonia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kelly S. Bricker
Received: 18 January 2017 / Revised: 10 March 2017 / Accepted: 27 March 2017 / Published: 31 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environment, Tourism and Sustainable Development)
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Previously, rural tourism has developed due to population growth, urbanization, development of transportation, and communication routes. In this context, rural second homes (RSHs) are considered as one of the main instruments of permanent and temporary residency tourism. This study intended to evaluate the impacts that “rural second homes” have on rural development in the Khorashad village in the South Khorasan province of Iran. Data were collected through a questionnaire. Using a random sampling method, 146 permanent rural residents were selected. Results showed that in the view of the respondents, the most important positive and negative impacts of RSHs were, respectively, the physical-environment and socio-cultural aspects of the area. Furthermore, a significant correlation was found between job type, gender, and purchase/construction year of the RSHs and people’s perceptions toward the impacts of RSHs. The study concluded that the most important strategies to reduce negative impacts and increase positive impacts of the RSHs are to, respectively, improve public policies and design geographical distribution patterns in order to develop RSHs. View Full-Text
Keywords: rural tourism; rural development; recreational area; landscape planning rural tourism; rural development; recreational area; landscape planning

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Hajimirrahimi, S.D.; Esfahani, E.; Van Acker, V.; Witlox, F. Rural Second Homes and Their Impacts on Rural Development: A Case Study in East Iran. Sustainability 2017, 9, 531.

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