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Sustainability 2017, 9(3), 341;

Visions and Expectations for the Norwegian Bioeconomy

Centre for Rural Research, 7049 Trondheim, Norway
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Antje Klitkou, Teis Hansen and Marc A. Rosen
Received: 30 November 2016 / Accepted: 15 February 2017 / Published: 24 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation and Sustainable Development for the Bioeconomy)
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Developing a future bioeconomy has become critical for three main reasons: (1) The need for sustainability of resource use; (2) The growing demand for both food and energy; and (3) The need to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation. As Zilberman observes, a transition to bioeconomy “is a continuing evolutionary process of transition from systems of mining non-renewable resources to farming renewable ones”. Hence, to meet the challenges created by a growing dependence on non-renewable resources, radical changes are needed that involve more than development of or changes within the individual bio-based sectors. In line with emerging attention to the bioeconomy in Europe and elsewhere, great expectations towards the bioeconomy have been launched in high level industry and policy fora, as well as in resource-based economies such as Norway's. Grounded in theories of transition and transition management, this paper discusses the Norwegian biosector's expectations regarding a bioeconomy. Analyses are based on empirical survey data from biosector representatives. Findings suggest that there are clear differences between sectors in motivation for a future bioeconomy. A transition into a complete bioeconomy will demand a system shift and more cross-sectoral integration between these regimes than currently exists. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioeconomy; transitions; socio-technical regimes; visions; expectations; Norway bioeconomy; transitions; socio-technical regimes; visions; expectations; Norway

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Hansen, L.; Bjørkhaug, H. Visions and Expectations for the Norwegian Bioeconomy. Sustainability 2017, 9, 341.

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