Next Article in Journal
Transforming Well-Being in Wuppertal—Conditions and Constraints
Previous Article in Journal
Assessment of Selected Parameters of the Automatic Scarification Device as an Example of a Device for Sustainable Forest Management
Article Menu
Issue 12 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2366; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9122366

Application of Source-Sink Landscape Influence Values to Commuter Traffic: A Case Study of Xiamen Island

1
Key Laboratory of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 October 2017 / Revised: 5 December 2017 / Accepted: 9 December 2017 / Published: 19 December 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [1986 KB, uploaded 19 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

Landscape patterns are closely related to ecological processes. Different spatial scales and research methods may lead to different results. Therefore, it is crucial to choose suitable research methods when studying different landscape patterns and ecological processes. In the present study, the methods of source-sink landscape theory were applied to the interactions between urban landscape characteristics and commuter traffic behavior around the arterial roads in Xiamen Island. After classification of land use types using remote sensing images from the IKONOS satellite and ArcGIS software (ESRI, Redlands, CA, USA), the landscape patterns of areas surrounding arterial roads (within 1 km) were evaluated using source-sink landscape influence (SLI). The results showed that Xiamen Island’s urban expressway had the highest SLI value (0.191), followed by the state highways (0.067), the provincial highways (0.030), and the county roads (0.025). When considering all road types, the correlation between a road’s SLI value and its commuter traffic flow was 0.684. This result was explained by three observations: (1) The contribution of the core area of each landscape pattern to traffic flow was positively correlated with the traffic flow. (2) Areas surrounding the urban expressway and the state highways had lower values for Shannon’s diversity index, indicating that these areas had a lower degree of landscape fragmentation. (3) The landscape patterns surrounding the urban expressway and the state highways were more concentrated and complex than those around other road types. The application of source-sink landscape pattern theory allows for researchers to integrate the relationships between landscape patterns surrounding roads and commuter traffic flow on those roads and to analyze the reasons for these relationships. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban landscape; commuter traffic flow; landscape pattern; source-sink landscape pattern; source-sink landscape influence urban landscape; commuter traffic flow; landscape pattern; source-sink landscape pattern; source-sink landscape influence
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, T.; Tang, L.; Chen, H.; Wang, Z.; Qiu, Q. Application of Source-Sink Landscape Influence Values to Commuter Traffic: A Case Study of Xiamen Island. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2366.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top