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Household Energy Consumption Behaviour for Different Demographic Regions in Thailand from 2000 to 2010

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Energy Engineering, National Central University, Jhong-Li 32001, Taiwan
2
Centre for Applied Economic Modelling, College of Business, Chung Yuan Christian University, Jhong-Li 32023, Taiwan
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2328; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9122328
Received: 19 November 2017 / Revised: 4 December 2017 / Accepted: 10 December 2017 / Published: 14 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
Since 1995, the residential sector has been a fast-growing energy consumption sector in Thailand. This sector contributes dramatically to the growth of Thailand’s electricity and oil demand. Our study analysed Thailand’s residential energy consumption characteristics and the seven underlying factors affecting the growth in energy use of five demographic regions using an energy input–output method. Embodied energy decomposition revealed that direct energy consumption accounted for approximately 30% of total residential energy use, whereas indirect energy consumption was at 70%. During the studied period, the growth in indirect energy use for all household groups was primarily the result of higher consumption of ‘commerce’, ‘air transport’, ‘manufacturing’, ‘food and beverages’ and ‘agriculture’ products. Moreover, each influencing driver contributes differently to each household’s growth in energy demand. The number of households was the leading factor that dominated the increases in residential energy use in the Greater Bangkok and Central regions. Growth in residential energy consumption in the Northern, Northeastern and Southern regions was strongly dominated by changes in income per capita. Consumption structure and using energy-efficient products had a moderate impact on all regions’ energy consumption. Thus, our findings provide additional energy-saving strategies to restrain further growth in residential energy demand. View Full-Text
Keywords: residential energy consumption; Thailand; structural decomposition analysis; hybrid input–output residential energy consumption; Thailand; structural decomposition analysis; hybrid input–output
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Supasa, T.; Hsiau, S.-S.; Lin, S.-M.; Wongsapai, W.; Wu, J.-C. Household Energy Consumption Behaviour for Different Demographic Regions in Thailand from 2000 to 2010. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2328.

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