Next Article in Journal
Study of Quassessment Model for Campus Pedestrian Ways, Case Study: Sidewalk of the University of Lampung
Next Article in Special Issue
Sustainable Urbanization Synergy Degree Measures—A Case Study in Henan Province, China
Previous Article in Journal
Micro-Study of the Evolution of Rural Settlement Patterns and Their Spatial Association with Water and Land Resources: A Case Study of Shandan County, China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Correlations between GIS-Based Urban Building Densification Analysis and Climate Guidelines for Mediterranean Courtyards
Open AccessArticle

Slum Regeneration and Sustainability: Applying the Extended Metabolism Model and the SDGs

Curtin University Sustainability Policy Institute, Curtin University, Building 209, Bentley, Perth, WA 6102, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2017, 9(12), 2273; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9122273
Received: 17 November 2017 / Revised: 1 December 2017 / Accepted: 5 December 2017 / Published: 8 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability and Urban Metabolism)
This paper examines the extent to which slum redevelopments have been successful in improving the sustainability of human settlements. Sustainability is measured in two ways: through the Extended Metabolism Model that looks at resource consumption, wastes, and liveability outcomes; and, through the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The study compares the sustainability of informal slum settlements in Addis Ababa with high-rise slum clearance apartments; such clearance is the model mostly used for the world’s informal settlements. The results show very little difference in resource consumption and waste produced but show liveability outcomes are mixed: Economic benefit is substantially improved in the high-rise areas due to becoming part of the formal economy, but community networks and trust are substantially lost when people transfer from the slums. This paper suggests that slum policy could be shifted from the Modernist high-rise slum clearance approach to a more organic, community-based renewal of the slums themselves in which infrastructure for energy, water, and waste can be brought in. New technology that fits into community-based governance structures allows such infrastructure to be a viable option, as well as enabling formal economic benefits. Some hybrid approaches may be needed in many slum improvement programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: apartments; high-rise; metabolism; SDGs; slums; sustainability apartments; high-rise; metabolism; SDGs; slums; sustainability
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Teferi, Z.A.; Newman, P. Slum Regeneration and Sustainability: Applying the Extended Metabolism Model and the SDGs. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2273.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop