Next Article in Journal
Environmental Tax Policy in Romania in the Context of the EU: Double Dividend Theory
Next Article in Special Issue
On Production and Green Transportation Coordination in a Sustainable Global Supply Chain
Previous Article in Journal
In the Presence of Climate Change, the Use of Fertilizers and the Effect of Income on Agricultural Emissions
Previous Article in Special Issue
Synchro-Modality and Slow Steaming: New Business Perspectives in Freight Transportation
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 1995;

Gen2 RFID-Based System Framework for Resource Circulation in Closed-Loop Supply Chains

Department of Industrial Engineering/ASRI (Automation System Research Institute), Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
Department of Industrial and Management Engineering/Intelligence & Manufacturing Research Center, Kyonggi University, Suwon, Gyeonggi 16227, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 September 2017 / Revised: 26 October 2017 / Accepted: 27 October 2017 / Published: 31 October 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [3628 KB, uploaded 1 November 2017]   |  


Product recycling has become a mandatory activity under extended producer responsibility. Therefore, it is important to operate a closed-loop supply chain that integrates sourcing, production, delivery, and recycling to achieve not only environmental sustainability, but also economic benefits. However, this goal is affected by chronic problems caused by uncertainties relating to the return timing, quantity, and quality of returned items. Many studies proved that information visibility could solve these problems. In this context, a system framework for closed-loop supply chain management is proposed that gathers real-time information within a supply chain and product lifecycle by using the Internet-of-Things, including radio frequency identification (RFID). Specifically, the most recent Gen2 RFID protocol, which provides new features to create new positive effects, is considered. Additionally, an information system is designed, including RFID tag encoding, which supports the operation of the proposed system. Finally, the lifecycle benefits are examined, such as counterfeit prevention, real-time monitoring and maintenance in the middle-of-life phase, and reverse process streamlining. The ultimate aim is to design a system that facilitates the profitable and environmentally friendly operation of the closed-loop supply chain. View Full-Text
Keywords: closed-loop supply chain; product lifecycle management; RFID; resource circulation closed-loop supply chain; product lifecycle management; RFID; resource circulation

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, Y.-W.; Chang, T.-W.; Park, J. Gen2 RFID-Based System Framework for Resource Circulation in Closed-Loop Supply Chains. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1995.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top