Next Article in Journal
In-Migration and Housing Choice in Ho Chi Minh City: Toward Sustainable Housing Development in Vietnam
Previous Article in Journal
How to Measure Carbon Emission Reduction in China’s Public Building Sector: Retrospective Decomposition Analysis Based on STIRPAT Model in 2000–2015
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1745;

A Cost–Benefit Analysis to Assess the Effectiveness of Frontal Center Curtain Airbag

Department of Information & Industrial Engineering, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea
Research and Development Division for Hyundai Motor Company and Kia Motors Corporation, Namyang-myun, Whasung-gun, Kyunggi-do 445-706, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 August 2017 / Revised: 20 September 2017 / Accepted: 20 September 2017 / Published: 27 September 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [1121 KB, uploaded 29 September 2017]   |  


Several new varieties of airbags are under consideration for development. However, their commercialization decision must be backed by a positive Cost–Benefit Analysis (CBA) outcome. In this study, we propose a CBA framework for the frontal center curtain airbag, a newly designed safety system intended to reduce the injury risk of rear-seat passengers. The proposed CBA covers not only economic benefits of the producer but also the effectiveness in sustainable reduction of the fatal and injury rate. In this context, with accumulated field data on road traffic accidents, a forecasting method reflecting the reduced casualties and the market share of vehicle sales associated with frontal center curtain airbag is utilized. Our results suggest that the use of frontal center curtain airbags helps to reduce the number of casualties with a Maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale (MAIS) of 3 or above by 87.4%. Furthermore, both the initial market penetration rate and price of the frontal center curtain airbag significantly influence its socioeconomic benefits. By evaluating the effectiveness of the frontal center curtain airbag, our study can contribute to the decision making for its commercialization. View Full-Text
Keywords: frontal center curtain airbag; vehicle safety system; Cost–Benefit Analysis frontal center curtain airbag; vehicle safety system; Cost–Benefit Analysis

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, B.K.; Han, E.J.; Sohn, S.Y.; Kim, Y.S.; Yoon, J.Y.; Choi, J.Y. A Cost–Benefit Analysis to Assess the Effectiveness of Frontal Center Curtain Airbag. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1745.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top