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Maturity Models in Supply Chain Sustainability: A Systematic Literature Review

ISCAC—Instituto Politécnico de Coimbra, Coimbra 3040-316, Portugal
UNIDEMI, Faculty of Science and Technology, FCT, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
CEFAGE-UBI, UNIDEMI, Department of Business and Economics, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
Center for Engineering Operations Management, Department of Technology and Innovation, University of Southern Denmark, Odense M-5230, Denmark
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Authorship listing follows a reverse seniority order.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Sustainability 2017, 9(1), 64;
Received: 21 June 2016 / Revised: 22 December 2016 / Accepted: 23 December 2016 / Published: 6 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue How Better Decision-Making Helps to Improve Sustainability - Part II)
A systematic literature review of supply chain maturity models with sustainability concerns is presented. The objective is to give insights into methodological issues related to maturity models, namely the research objectives; the research methods used to develop, validate and test them; the scope; and the main characteristics associated with their design. The literature review was performed based on journal articles and conference papers from 2000 to 2015 using the SCOPUS, Emerald Insight, EBSCO and Web of Science databases. Most of the analysed papers have as main objective the development of maturity models and their validation. The case study is the methodology that is most widely used by researchers to develop and validate maturity models. From the sustainability perspective, the scope of the analysed maturity models is the Triple Bottom Line (TBL) and environmental dimension, focusing on a specific process (eco-design and new product development) and without a broad SC perspective. The dominant characteristics associated with the design of the maturity models are the maturity grids and a continuous representation. In addition, results do not allow identifying a trend for a specific number of maturity levels. The comprehensive review, analysis, and synthesis of the maturity model literature represent an important contribution to the organization of this research area, making possible to clarify some confusion that exists about concepts, approaches and components of maturity models in sustainability. Various aspects associated with the maturity models (i.e., research objectives, research methods, scope and characteristics of the design of models) are explored to contribute to the evolution and significance of this multidimensional area. View Full-Text
Keywords: maturity models; sustainability; supply chain; systematic literature review maturity models; sustainability; supply chain; systematic literature review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Correia, E.; Carvalho, H.; Azevedo, S.G.; Govindan, K. Maturity Models in Supply Chain Sustainability: A Systematic Literature Review. Sustainability 2017, 9, 64.

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