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Article

Changing Structure and Sustainable Development for China’s Hog Sector

1
College of Economic and Management, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
2
Laboratory Informatique, Biologie Intégrative et Systèmes Complexes, University of Évry-Val d’Essonne, Évry 91020, France
3
Management Engineering Research Center, Xihua University, Chengdu 610039, China
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Courant Research Centre Poverty, Inequity and Growth, University of Gottingen, Gottingen 37073, Germany
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Department of Health Policy and Management, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sanzidur Rahman
Sustainability 2017, 9(1), 69; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9010069
Received: 7 November 2016 / Revised: 29 December 2016 / Accepted: 3 January 2017 / Published: 6 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Agriculture and Development)
Supply shortages and competitive disadvantages are the main problems faced by China’s hog sector. The non-essential import of pork products, triggered by competitive disadvantages, poses great challenges to hog farms. Structural changes are an important policy concern in China and elsewhere. Previous literature has ignored whether the ongoing structural changes from backyard to large farms can contribute to sustainable development. This study adopts the micro-level data of hog farms collected from Jiangsu Province, and uses a two-step metafrontier model and a primal system approach. The empirical results reveal that the ongoing structural changes are capable of boosting the growth in output in China’s hog sector, since the stronger increase in comparable technical efficiency compensates for the inappropriate technology. Furthermore, the ongoing structural changes are also beneficial in the reduction of production costs and in improving competitiveness in China’s hog sector. The decline in technical and allocative inefficiency costs, particularly for technical inefficiency costs, contributes to the cost advantage with the increasing farm size. View Full-Text
Keywords: productivity; metafrontier; production cost; China; hog production productivity; metafrontier; production cost; China; hog production
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, X.; Chu, F.; Yu, X.; Zhou, Y.; Tian, X.; Geng, X.; Yang, J. Changing Structure and Sustainable Development for China’s Hog Sector. Sustainability 2017, 9, 69. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9010069

AMA Style

Zhang X, Chu F, Yu X, Zhou Y, Tian X, Geng X, Yang J. Changing Structure and Sustainable Development for China’s Hog Sector. Sustainability. 2017; 9(1):69. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9010069

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Xiaoheng, Feng Chu, Xiaohua Yu, Yingheng Zhou, Xu Tian, Xianhui Geng, and Jinyang Yang. 2017. "Changing Structure and Sustainable Development for China’s Hog Sector" Sustainability 9, no. 1: 69. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9010069

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