Factors Affecting the Survival of SMEs: A Study of Biotechnology Firms in South Korea
AbstractPast studies examining survival factors of biotechnology firms have focused on pioneer countries, such as the USA, the UK and Germany. However, as the biotechnology industry in Asia is reaching the take-off stage and showing a high growth rate, the research on survival factors in the context of Asian latecomers is needed. The present research investigates internal and external factors affecting the survival of SMEs (Small and Medium-sized Enterprises) in the biotechnology industry in South Korea. The Cox hazard model was employed to perform a robust estimation in survival analysis. The analysis of internal factors showed that the origin of a firm (i.e., having prior experience or spin-offs) and the business sub-sector (i.e., platform-based) affect the hazard rates of biotechnology firms. In terms of external factors, unlike strategic alliances, government R&D funding lowered hazard rates for the firm’s survival. Additionally, considering that the reasons of firm exit can be divided into bankruptcy and M&A (Mergers and Acquisitions), the different effects of origins from other firms and strategic alliance for firm survival are confirmed. The results suggest that prior experience, platform-based and constant government R&D funding contribute to the sustainable development of SMEs in the biotechnology industry. View Full-Text
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Shin, K.; Park, G.; Choi, J.Y.; Choy, M. Factors Affecting the Survival of SMEs: A Study of Biotechnology Firms in South Korea. Sustainability 2017, 9, 108.
Shin K, Park G, Choi JY, Choy M. Factors Affecting the Survival of SMEs: A Study of Biotechnology Firms in South Korea. Sustainability. 2017; 9(1):108.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shin, Kwangsoo; Park, Gunno; Choi, Jae Y.; Choy, Minkyung. 2017. "Factors Affecting the Survival of SMEs: A Study of Biotechnology Firms in South Korea." Sustainability 9, no. 1: 108.
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