Next Article in Journal
An Optimistic Analysis of the Means of Implementation for Sustainable Development Goals: Thinking about Goals as Means
Next Article in Special Issue
Can Organic Farming Reduce Vulnerabilities and Enhance the Resilience of the European Food System? A Critical Assessment Using System Dynamics Structural Thinking Tools
Previous Article in Journal
An Assessment of Productivity Patterns of Grass-Dominated Rangelands in the Hindu Kush Karakoram Region, Pakistan
Previous Article in Special Issue
Economic and Social Sustainability through Organic Agriculture: Study of the Restructuring of the Citrus Sector in the “Bajo Andarax” District (Spain)
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2016, 8(9), 957;

Assessing the Sustainability Performance of Organic Farms in Denmark

Department of Engineering, Aarhus University, Inge Lehmanns Gade 10, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark
Animal Production Systems Group, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands
SEGES, Agro Food Park 15, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sean Clark and Iain Gordon
Received: 30 June 2016 / Revised: 16 August 2016 / Accepted: 17 September 2016 / Published: 21 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Agriculture–Beyond Organic Farming)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1098 KB, uploaded 21 September 2016]   |  


The growth of organic agriculture in Denmark raises the interest of both producers and consumers in the sustainability performance of organic production. The aim of this study was to examine the sustainability performance of farms in four agricultural sectors (vegetable, dairy, pig and poultry) using the sustainability assessment tool RISE 2.0. Thirty seven organic farms were assessed on 10 themes, including 51 subthemes. For one theme (water use) and 17 subthemes, a difference between sectors was found. Using the thresholds of RISE, the vegetable, dairy and pig sector performed positively for seven themes and the poultry sector for eight themes. The performance on the nutrient flows and energy and climate themes, however, was critical for all sectors. Moreover, the performance on the economic viability theme was critical for vegetable, dairy and pig farms. The development of a tool, including decisions, such as the selection of themes and indicators, reference values, weights and aggregation methods, influences the assessment results. This emphasizes the need for transparency and reflection on decisions made in sustainability assessment tools. The results of RISE present a starting point to discuss sustainability at the farm-level and contribute to an increase in awareness and learning about sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability assessment; dairy; poultry; pigs; vegetable production; RISE sustainability assessment; dairy; poultry; pigs; vegetable production; RISE

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

de Olde, E.M.; Oudshoorn, F.W.; Bokkers, E.A.M.; Stubsgaard, A.; Sørensen, C.A.G.; de Boer, I.J.M. Assessing the Sustainability Performance of Organic Farms in Denmark. Sustainability 2016, 8, 957.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top