Next Article in Journal
Integrating Economic and Ecological Benchmarking for a Sustainable Development of Hydropower
Next Article in Special Issue
Techno-Economic Related Metrics for a Wave Energy Converters Feasibility Assessment
Previous Article in Journal
Sustainable and Practical Firmware Upgrade for Wireless Access Point Using Password-Based Authentication
Previous Article in Special Issue
Experimental Research on Primary and Secondary Conversion Efficiencies in an Oscillating Water Column-Type Wave Energy Converter
Open AccessArticle

Risk vs. Reward: A Methodology to Assess Investment in Marine Energy

Institute for Energy Systems, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JL, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Diego Vicinanza and Mariano Buccino
Sustainability 2016, 8(9), 873;
Received: 12 July 2016 / Revised: 18 August 2016 / Accepted: 23 August 2016 / Published: 31 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wave Energy Converters)
The majority of WEC (wave energy converter) projects are expensive and pose a large risk to a developer. Currently no developers have been successful in commercialising a WEC. So far, many wave energy feasibility studies have only considered the LCOE (levelised cost of electricity), assessing investment in marine energy technologies from a purely financial point of view. No previous studies have, however, explicitly accounted for development risk as well as the LCOE to determine the feasibility of a project. This paper proposes a new methodology that can be used to account for both risk and the LCOE to give a clearer picture of the feasibility of a WEC development. By combining the LCOE and risk score for a particular development, the “value for risk” can be calculated, presented here as the “RR ratio” (“Risk/Reward ratio”). A number of case studies were chosen to test the model, investigating the RR ratio for a number of different WEC technologies and ranking them to suggest an optimal development path for the industry. Results showed that projects that combine many innovative technologies provide the best “value for risk”. These devices overall had the highest risk, suggesting that multiple developers are likely required to collaborate in order to reduce the risk down to acceptable levels for each. View Full-Text
Keywords: marine energy; risk; reward; LCOE; investment marine energy; risk; reward; LCOE; investment
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Hutcheson, J.; De Andrés, A.; Jeffrey, H. Risk vs. Reward: A Methodology to Assess Investment in Marine Energy. Sustainability 2016, 8, 873.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop