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Economic Impacts of Climate Change on Cereal Production: Implications for Sustainable Agriculture in Northern Ghana

CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute (CSIR-SARI), P.O. Box TL 52, Tamale, Ghana
Department of Food Business and Development, University College Cork, T12 YN60 Cork, Ireland
Department of Agricultural Economics, Agribusiness & Extension, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
ICRAF-WCA Sahel Node, BP E5118 Bamako, Mali
CCAFS-West Africa Program, ICRISAT WCA-Mali, BP 320 Bamako, Mali
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michael A. Fullen and Marc A. Rosen
Sustainability 2016, 8(8), 724;
Received: 27 December 2015 / Revised: 19 July 2016 / Accepted: 25 July 2016 / Published: 3 August 2016
PDF [283 KB, uploaded 3 August 2016]


This paper investigates the economic impacts of climate change on cereal crop production in Northern Ghana using 240 households comprising maize and sorghum farmers. The Ricardian regression approach was used to examine the economic impacts of climate change based on data generated from a survey conducted in the 2013/2014 farming seasons. Forty-year time-series data of rainfall and temperature from 1974 to 2013, together with cross-sectional data, were used for the empirical analysis. The Ricardian regression estimates for both maize and sorghum showed varying degrees of climate change impacts on net revenues. The results indicated that early season precipitation was beneficial for sorghum, but harmful for maize. However, mid-season precipitation tended to promote maize production. Temperature levels for all seasons impacted negatively on net revenue for both crops, except during the mid-season, when temperature exerted a positive effect on net revenue for sorghum. Our findings suggest that appropriate adaptation strategies should be promoted to reduce the negative impacts of prevailing climate change on cereal crop production. View Full-Text
Keywords: economic impact; climate change; cereal; Ricardian approach; sustainability economic impact; climate change; cereal; Ricardian approach; sustainability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Bawayelaazaa Nyuor, A.; Donkor, E.; Aidoo, R.; Saaka Buah, S.; Naab, J.B.; Nutsugah, S.K.; Bayala, J.; Zougmoré, R. Economic Impacts of Climate Change on Cereal Production: Implications for Sustainable Agriculture in Northern Ghana. Sustainability 2016, 8, 724.

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