Next Article in Journal
Predicting the Potential Distribution of Olea ferruginea in Pakistan incorporating Climate Change by Using Maxent Model
Previous Article in Journal
Evolutionary Patterns of Renewable Energy Technology Development in East Asia (1990–2010)
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2016, 8(8), 723;

Measuring Carbon Emissions of Pavement Construction in China

Department of Construction and Real Estate, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
Housing and Urban-Rural Development Bureau of Suzhou, Jiangsu 215002, China
State Grid Fujian Economic Research Institute, Fuzhou, 350012, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Kusiak
Received: 24 May 2016 / Revised: 21 July 2016 / Accepted: 25 July 2016 / Published: 28 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1417 KB, uploaded 28 July 2016]   |  


While various methodologies for quantifying carbon emissions of pavement construction are developed worldwide, adopting and promoting the existing tools to China’s market is found fairly challenging due to institutional constraints. Therefore, the objectives of this study are to propose a methodology for measuring carbon emissions of pavement construction compatible with the fixed pricing systems prevalent in China; and develop an automatic tool for carbon estimations. The total carbon emissions are measured by aggregating emissions of energy consumption and materials used along with four stages, namely material manufacture, transportation, construction, and disposal. A set of composite carbon emission factors for energy and materials was calculated based on existing emission factors with the consideration of the boundaries concerned. The quantity of energy and materials used in pavement construction are obtained through bills of quantity and the fixed price system. The database of the emission factors for energy and materials was embedded into a C# based tool, and validated in a real case. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon emission calculation; pavement construction; China carbon emission calculation; pavement construction; China

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, Y.; Ning, Y.; Zhang, T.; Wu, J. Measuring Carbon Emissions of Pavement Construction in China. Sustainability 2016, 8, 723.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top