Next Article in Journal
Modeling Urban Expansion in Bangkok Metropolitan Region Using Demographic–Economic Data through Cellular Automata-Markov Chain and Multi-Layer Perceptron-Markov Chain Models
Next Article in Special Issue
Emergent Imaginaries and Fragmented Policy Frameworks in the Canadian Bio-Economy
Previous Article in Journal
Regional Port Productivity in APEC
Previous Article in Special Issue
Research and Development Strategy in Biological Technologies: A Patent Data Analysis of Japanese Manufacturing Firms

What Is the Bioeconomy? A Review of the Literature

Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education (NIFU), P.O. Box 2815 Tøyen, Oslo NO-0608, Norway
Department of Human Geography, Lund University, Sölvegatan 10, Lund SE-22362, Sweden
Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE), Lund University, P.O. Box 117, Lund SE-22100, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Ioppolo
Sustainability 2016, 8(7), 691;
Received: 30 June 2016 / Revised: 14 July 2016 / Accepted: 15 July 2016 / Published: 19 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation and Sustainable Development for the Bioeconomy)
The notion of the bioeconomy has gained importance in both research and policy debates over the last decade, and is frequently argued to be a key part of the solution to multiple grand challenges. Despite this, there seems to be little consensus concerning what bioeconomy actually implies. Consequently, this paper seeks to enhance our understanding of what the notion of bioeconomy means by exploring the origins, uptake, and contents of the term “bioeconomy” in the academic literature. Firstly, we perform a bibliometric analysis that highlights that the bioeconomy research community is still rather fragmented and distributed across many different fields of science, even if natural and engineering sciences take up the most central role. Secondly, we carry out a literature review that identifies three visions of the bioeconomy. The bio-technology vision emphasises the importance of bio-technology research and application and commercialisation of bio-technology in different sectors of the economy. The bio-resource vision focuses on processing and upgrading of biological raw materials, as well as on the establishment of new value chains. Finally, the bio-ecology vision highlights sustainability and ecological processes that optimise the use of energy and nutrients, promote biodiversity, and avoid monocultures and soil degradation. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioeconomy; biotechnology; sustainability; grand challenges; review; bibliometric analysis bioeconomy; biotechnology; sustainability; grand challenges; review; bibliometric analysis
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Bugge, M.M.; Hansen, T.; Klitkou, A. What Is the Bioeconomy? A Review of the Literature. Sustainability 2016, 8, 691.

AMA Style

Bugge MM, Hansen T, Klitkou A. What Is the Bioeconomy? A Review of the Literature. Sustainability. 2016; 8(7):691.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bugge, Markus M., Teis Hansen, and Antje Klitkou. 2016. "What Is the Bioeconomy? A Review of the Literature" Sustainability 8, no. 7: 691.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop