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Sustainability 2016, 8(10), 1007;

Emergent Imaginaries and Fragmented Policy Frameworks in the Canadian Bio-Economy

Department of Social Science, York University, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
Academic Editors: Antje Klitkou and Teis Hansen
Received: 26 August 2016 / Revised: 21 September 2016 / Accepted: 29 September 2016 / Published: 10 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation and Sustainable Development for the Bioeconomy)
Full-Text   |   PDF [230 KB, uploaded 10 October 2016]


Climate change means that countries like Canada need to find suitable transition pathways to overcome fossil-fuel dependence; one such pathway is the so-called ‘bio-economy’. The bio-economy is a term used to define an economic system in which biological resources (e.g., plants) form the basis of production and production processes. For example, it would involve the replacement of petroleum energy, inputs, chemicals, and products with bioenergy, biological inputs, bio-chemicals, and bio-products. A number of countries and jurisdictions have established policy strategies in order to promote and support the development of a bio-economy, exemplified by the European Union where the bio-economy represents a key pillar in its broader Horizon 2020 strategy. Other countries, like Canada, do not yet have an over-arching bio-economy strategy, but have a series of diverse, and often competing, policy visions and frameworks. It is useful to analyse countries like Canada in order to understand how these policy visions and policy frameworks are co-constituted, and what this might mean for the development of an over-arching bio-economy strategy. This raises a number of questions: How is the bio-economy imagined by different social actors? How are these imaginaries and policy frameworks co-produced? View Full-Text
Keywords: bio-economy; bio-based economy; biofuels; policy imaginaries; policy frameworks; Canada bio-economy; bio-based economy; biofuels; policy imaginaries; policy frameworks; Canada
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Birch, K. Emergent Imaginaries and Fragmented Policy Frameworks in the Canadian Bio-Economy. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1007.

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