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Sustainability 2016, 8(3), 236;

Detection and Projection of Forest Changes by Using the Markov Chain Model and Cellular Automata

Doctorado Institucional en Ciencias Agropecuarias y Forestales, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Boulevard del Guadiana #501, Ciudad Universitaria, Durango C.P. 34120, Mexico
Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Boulevard Durango #501, Valle del Sur, Durango C.P. 34120, Mexico
Facultad de Zootecnia y Ecología, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Periférico Fco. R. Almada Km 1, Chihuahua C.P. 31453, Mexico
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 12 January 2016 / Revised: 24 February 2016 / Accepted: 26 February 2016 / Published: 2 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
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The spatio-temporal analysis of land use changes could provide basic information for managing the protection, conservation and production of forestlands, which promotes a sustainable resource use of temperate ecosystems. In this study we modeled and analyzed the spatial and temporal dynamics of land use of a temperate forests in the region of Pueblo Nuevo, Durango, Mexico. Data from the Landsat images Multispectral Scanner (MSS) 1973, Thematic Mapper (TM) 1990, and Operational Land Imager (OLI) 2014 were used. Supervised classification methods were then applied to generate the land use for these years. To validate the land use classifications on the images, the Kappa coefficient was used. The resulting Kappa coefficients were 91%, 92% and 90% for 1973, 1990 and 2014, respectively. The analysis of the change dynamics was assessed with Markov Chains and Cellular Automata (CA), which are based on probabilistic modeling techniques. The Markov Chains and CA show constant changes in land use. The class most affected by these changes is the pine forest. Changes in the extent of temperate forest of the study area were further projected until 2028, indicating that the area of pine forest could be continuously reduced. The results of this study could provide quantitative information, which represents a base for assessing the sustainability in the management of these temperate forest ecosystems and for taking actions to mitigate their degradation. View Full-Text
Keywords: landsat; land use changes; simulation; temperate forest landsat; land use changes; simulation; temperate forest

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Vázquez-Quintero, G.; Solís-Moreno, R.; Pompa-García, M.; Villarreal-Guerrero, F.; Pinedo-Alvarez, C.; Pinedo-Alvarez, A. Detection and Projection of Forest Changes by Using the Markov Chain Model and Cellular Automata. Sustainability 2016, 8, 236.

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