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A Comprehensive Quantitative Evaluation of New Sustainable Urbanization Level in 20 Chinese Urban Agglomerations

1
Institute of Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100094, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100094, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Sustainability 2016, 8(2), 91; https://doi.org/10.3390/su8020091
Received: 11 December 2015 / Revised: 11 January 2016 / Accepted: 11 January 2016 / Published: 27 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
On 16 March 2014, the State Council of China launched its first urbanization planning initiative dubbed “National New Urbanization Planning (2014–2020)” (NNUP). NNUP put forward 20 urban agglomerations and a sustainable development approach aiming to transform traditional Chinese urbanization to sustainable new urbanization. This study quantitatively evaluates the level of sustainability of the present new urbanization process in 20 Chinese urban agglomerations and provides some positive suggestions for the achievement of sustainable new urbanization. A three-level index system which is based on six fundamental elements in a city and a Full Permutation Polygon Synthetic Indicator evaluation method are adopted. The results show that China is undergoing a new urbanization process with a low level of sustainability and there are many problems remaining from traditional urbanization processes. There exists a polarized phenomenon in the urbanization of 20 urban agglomerations. Based on their own development patterns, the 20 urban agglomerations can be divided into seven categories. Every category has its own development characteristics. The analyses also show that waste of water resources, abuse of land resources, and air pollution are three big problems that are closely linked to traditional Chinese urbanization processes. To achieve sustainable new urbanization in China, four relevant suggestions and comments have been provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable new urbanization; urban agglomeration; Full Permutation Polygon Synthetic Indicator method; China sustainable new urbanization; urban agglomeration; Full Permutation Polygon Synthetic Indicator method; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, C.; Wang, S.; Zhou, Y.; Wang, L.; Liu, W. A Comprehensive Quantitative Evaluation of New Sustainable Urbanization Level in 20 Chinese Urban Agglomerations. Sustainability 2016, 8, 91. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8020091

AMA Style

Xu C, Wang S, Zhou Y, Wang L, Liu W. A Comprehensive Quantitative Evaluation of New Sustainable Urbanization Level in 20 Chinese Urban Agglomerations. Sustainability. 2016; 8(2):91. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8020091

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xu, Cong, Shixin Wang, Yi Zhou, Litao Wang, and Wenliang Liu. 2016. "A Comprehensive Quantitative Evaluation of New Sustainable Urbanization Level in 20 Chinese Urban Agglomerations" Sustainability 8, no. 2: 91. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8020091

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