Next Article in Journal
The Eco-Evolutionary Imperative: Revisiting Weed Management in the Midst of an Herbicide Resistance Crisis
Previous Article in Journal
A Review of Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Methods Applied to the Sustainable Bridge Design
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2016, 8(12), 1296;

Examining Determinants of CO2 Emissions in 73 Cities in China

School of Economics and Management, Beihang Univerisity, Beijing 100191, China
School of Statistics and Mathematics, Central Univeristy of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco Asdrubali
Received: 7 November 2016 / Revised: 2 December 2016 / Accepted: 6 December 2016 / Published: 9 December 2016
Full-Text   |   PDF [1398 KB, uploaded 9 December 2016]   |  


Issues concerning which factors that influence carbon dioxide emission, and which administrative measures should be imposed to reduce carbon emission in Chinese cities, have been on the agenda in cities’ policy-making. Yet little literature has studied this topic from the city level. This paper first measures CO2 emission of 73 Chinese cities. We find heterogeneity embedded in the cross-city distribution of CO2 emission per capita and a nonlinear structure in the relationship between carbon emission and GDP per capita. To describe such multimodality and examine the determinants of CO2 emission in these cities, this article applies a linear mixed effect model covering the quadratic term of GDP per capita to extend the stochastic impact by regression on population, affluence, and technology (STIRPAT) model. The empirical results demonstrate that population size, secondary industry proportion, energy consumption structure, urbanization level and economic level have generally shown a positive influence on CO2 emissions in Chinese cities. However, the urbanization level is of no significance. The phenomenon of the environmental Kuznets curve varies across Chinese cities, according to which three city groups are formed. Specific policy recommendations are given to each city group in light of their unique influencing modes on carbon emissions. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon dioxide emission; extended STIRPAT model; linear mixed effect model; environmental kuznets curve carbon dioxide emission; extended STIRPAT model; linear mixed effect model; environmental kuznets curve

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zheng, H.; Hu, J.; Guan, R.; Wang, S. Examining Determinants of CO2 Emissions in 73 Cities in China. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1296.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top