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Open AccessArticle

The Impact of High-Speed Rail on Residents’ Travel Behavior and Household Mobility: A Case Study of the Beijing-Shanghai Line, China

1
School of Architecture, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
2
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101, China
3
School of Transportation, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marcus L. Stephenson
Sustainability 2016, 8(11), 1187; https://doi.org/10.3390/su8111187
Received: 21 September 2016 / Revised: 31 October 2016 / Accepted: 14 November 2016 / Published: 18 November 2016
With the improvement of China’s high-speed rail network, there have been many economic and social benefits for local residents. Based on a questionnaire conducted in stations on the Beijing-Shanghai line, and through an analysis of high-speed rail passenger travel behavior and family relocation, we explored the social effects of high-speed rail. The study found that high-speed rail passengers are mainly young, highly educated, and have a middle to high income. However, with the popularization of high-speed rail, such differences in the social stratum of high-speed rail passengers are expected to disappear. Through an analysis of passenger travel status, we found that the areas surrounding high-speed rail stations are very accessible to the main cities, and are well connected by other public transport. With the emergence of the “high mobility era” based on the high-speed rail network, the separation of workplace and residence and the number of “double city” households are increasing, primarily in the Beijing-Tianjin and Shanghai-Nanjing (especially in Suzhou-Kunshan-Shanghai) regions. In addition, high-speed rail introduces the possibility of household mobility, with 22.7% of the respondents in this study having relocated since the Beijing-Shanghai line opened. Household mobility is apparent primarily among big cities, with movement toward nearby cities. We also found that occupation, income, residence time, and schooling of children have a significant impact on households. With the improvement of high-speed rail networks, household mobility will become a common phenomenon and research on domestic mobility will continue to increase. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-speed rail; social effects; residents’ travel behavior; household mobility; Beijing-Shanghai line high-speed rail; social effects; residents’ travel behavior; household mobility; Beijing-Shanghai line
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, H.; Sun, D.; Zhu, Z.; Zeng, J. The Impact of High-Speed Rail on Residents’ Travel Behavior and Household Mobility: A Case Study of the Beijing-Shanghai Line, China. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1187. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8111187

AMA Style

Chen H, Sun D, Zhu Z, Zeng J. The Impact of High-Speed Rail on Residents’ Travel Behavior and Household Mobility: A Case Study of the Beijing-Shanghai Line, China. Sustainability. 2016; 8(11):1187. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8111187

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Hongsheng; Sun, Dongqi; Zhu, Zhenjun; Zeng, Jun. 2016. "The Impact of High-Speed Rail on Residents’ Travel Behavior and Household Mobility: A Case Study of the Beijing-Shanghai Line, China" Sustainability 8, no. 11: 1187. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8111187

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