Next Article in Journal
Exploring Gamification Techniques and Applications for Sustainable Tourism
Next Article in Special Issue
Mapping Thermal Energy Resource Potentials from Wastewater Treatment Plants
Previous Article in Journal
Adaptive Cycle as a Tool to Select Resilient Patterns of Rural Development
Previous Article in Special Issue
Is the “Ecological and Economic Approach for the Restoration of Collapsed Gullies” in Southern China Really Economic?

Sustainability of Water Safety Plans Developed in Sub-Saharan Africa

CeTAmb LAB—Research laboratory on Appropriate Technologies for Environmental Management in resource-limited Countries, Department of Civil Engineering, Architecture, Land, Environment and of Mathematics, University of Brescia, Via Branze 43, Brescia 25123, Italy
DICAr—Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 3, Pavia 27100, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Sustainability 2015, 7(8), 11139-11159;
Received: 15 May 2015 / Accepted: 5 August 2015 / Published: 14 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability of Resources)
In developing countries, the drinking water supply is still an open issue. In sub-Saharan Africa, only 68% of the population has access to improved sources of drinking water. Moreover, some regions are affected by geogenic contaminants (e.g., fluoride and arsenic) and the lack of access to sanitation facilities and hygiene practices causes high microbiological contamination of drinking water in the supply chain. The Water Safety Plan (WSP) approach introduced by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in 2004 is now under development in several developing countries in order to face up to these issues. The WSP approach was elaborated within two cooperation projects implemented in rural areas of Burkina Faso and Senegal by two Italian NGOs (Non-Governmental Organisations). In order to evaluate its sustainability, a questionnaire based on five different sustainability elements and a cost and time consumption evaluation were carried out and applied in both the case studies. Results demonstrated that the questionnaire can provide a useful and interesting overview regarding the sustainability of the WSP; however, further surveys in the field are recommended for gathering more information. Time and costs related to the WSP elaboration, implementation, and management were demonstrated not to be negligible and above all strongly dependent on water quality and the water supply system complexity. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; Water Safety Plan; drinking water; Senegal; Burkina Faso sustainability; Water Safety Plan; drinking water; Senegal; Burkina Faso
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Rondi, L.; Sorlini, S.; Collivignarelli, M.C. Sustainability of Water Safety Plans Developed in Sub-Saharan Africa. Sustainability 2015, 7, 11139-11159.

AMA Style

Rondi L, Sorlini S, Collivignarelli MC. Sustainability of Water Safety Plans Developed in Sub-Saharan Africa. Sustainability. 2015; 7(8):11139-11159.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rondi, Luca, Sabrina Sorlini, and Maria C. Collivignarelli 2015. "Sustainability of Water Safety Plans Developed in Sub-Saharan Africa" Sustainability 7, no. 8: 11139-11159.

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop