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Sustainability 2015, 7(5), 5050-5070;

Build-Up/Wash-Off Monitoring and Assessment for Sustainable Management of First Flush in an Urban Area

DICATECh, Politecnico di Bari—Via Orabona, 4, 70125 Bari, Italy
Dipartimento di ingegneria, Università Roma 3—Via Vito Volterra, 62, 00146 Roma, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 2 December 2014 / Revised: 20 April 2015 / Accepted: 21 April 2015 / Published: 24 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability of Resources)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2605 KB, uploaded 24 April 2015]   |  


The characterization of stormwater runoff on urbanized surfaces by means of comparison between experimental data and simulations is a strict requirement for a sustainable management of urban sewer systems. A monitoring campaign was carried out within a residential area in Puglia (Southern Italy) in order to collect and evaluate quantity and quality data. A strong correlation was observed between COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) and TSS (Total Suspended Solid) concentrations, whose values exceed water quality standards. TSS was used for calibration of Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) which was then validated with reference to the pollutograph’s shape and the peak-time. The first flush phenomenon occurrence was also investigated by looking at the distribution of pollutant mass vs. volume in stormwater discharges, using the so-called “M(V) curves”. Results show that on average the first 30% of that washed off carries 60% of TSS and provides important information for the design of efficient systems for first flush treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: calibration; first flush; monitoring; residential area; SWMM calibration; first flush; monitoring; residential area; SWMM

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Di Modugno, M.; Gioia, A.; Gorgoglione, A.; Iacobellis, V.; la Forgia, G.; Piccinni, A.F.; Ranieri, E. Build-Up/Wash-Off Monitoring and Assessment for Sustainable Management of First Flush in an Urban Area. Sustainability 2015, 7, 5050-5070.

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