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Optimal Electricity Distribution Framework for Public Space: Assessing Renewable Energy Proposals for Freshkills Park, New York City

Creative Industries, School of Design, Department of Landscape Architecture, Queensland University of Technology, Gardens Point, 2 George St, GPO Box 2434, Brisbane, QLD, QLD 4001 Australia 4001 Australia
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Academic Editor: Shangyi Zhou
Sustainability 2015, 7(4), 3753-3773; https://doi.org/10.3390/su7043753
Received: 30 January 2015 / Revised: 23 March 2015 / Accepted: 24 March 2015 / Published: 30 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Landscape and Sustainability)
Integrating renewable energy into public space is becoming more common as a climate change solution. However, this approach is often guided by the environmental pillar of sustainability, with less focus on the economic and social pillars. The purpose of this paper is to examine this issue in the speculative renewable energy propositions for Freshkills Park in New York City submitted for the 2012 Land Art Generator Initiative (LAGI) competition. This paper first proposes an optimal electricity distribution (OED) framework in and around public spaces based on relevant ecology and energy theory (Odum’s fourth and fifth law of thermodynamics). This framework addresses social engagement related to public interaction, and economic engagement related to the estimated quantity of electricity produced, in conjunction with environmental engagement related to the embodied energy required to construct the renewable energy infrastructure. Next, the study uses the OED framework to analyse the top twenty-five projects submitted for the LAGI 2012 competition. The findings reveal an electricity distribution imbalance and suggest a lack of in-depth understanding about sustainable electricity distribution within public space design. The paper concludes with suggestions for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy distribution; public space; sustainability; LAGI; Freshkills Park; New York City; triple bottom line (TBL) renewable energy distribution; public space; sustainability; LAGI; Freshkills Park; New York City; triple bottom line (TBL)
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Ozgun, K.; Weir, I.; Cushing, D. Optimal Electricity Distribution Framework for Public Space: Assessing Renewable Energy Proposals for Freshkills Park, New York City. Sustainability 2015, 7, 3753-3773.

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