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A Comparison of Energy Transition Governance in Germany, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom

Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO), Boeretang 200, Mol 2400, Belgium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Sustainability 2014, 6(3), 1129-1152;
Received: 6 January 2014 / Revised: 12 February 2014 / Accepted: 20 February 2014 / Published: 27 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability and Institutional Change)
PDF [922 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]


This paper reviews and analyzes the challenges of energy transition governance towards a low-carbon society as a political achievement. The main research question is how specific “transition governance approaches” (as advocated by transition theory) can be embedded/anchored in the policy-making logics and practices. We analyze three country cases, known for their path-breaking efforts in the area: Germany (due to its pioneering role in the development and diffusion of renewable energy technologies), the Netherlands (due to its pioneering role in launching the transition management framework), and the United Kingdom (due to its pioneering role in adopting a long-term legislative commitment to a low-carbon future). The paper identifies best governance practices and remaining challenges in the following areas: (i) connecting long-term visions with short- and mid-term action; (ii) innovation (technological as well as social); (iii) integration (of multiple objectives and policy areas and levels); (iv) societal engagement; and (v) learning/reflexivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy transition; transition governance; climate policy energy transition; transition governance; climate policy

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Laes, E.; Gorissen, L.; Nevens, F. A Comparison of Energy Transition Governance in Germany, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Sustainability 2014, 6, 1129-1152.

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