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Open AccessArticle

The Built Environment and Walking Activity of the Elderly: An Empirical Analysis in the Zhongshan Metropolitan Area, China

by Yi Zhang 1, Yuan Li 2, Qixing Liu 3 and Chaoyang Li 1,*
1
School of Naval Architecture Ocean and Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, 200240 Shanghai, China
2
School of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Xiamen University, 422 South Siming Road, 361005 Xiamen, China
3
Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Burgemeester Oudlaan 50, 3062 PA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2014, 6(2), 1076-1092; https://doi.org/10.3390/su6021076
Received: 24 January 2014 / Revised: 16 February 2014 / Accepted: 17 February 2014 / Published: 21 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
Policies and interventions involving the built environment have become a promising opportunity for the promotion of walking as a sustainable transportation mode. Among voluminous literature, few studies were found that examined the association between the built environment and walking among the elderly in China. This study investigated the relationship between the built environment and the walking activity of the elderly based on data collected in Zhongshan Metropolitan Area, China. The results suggest that abundant sidewalks, dense bus stops, easily accessible commercial establishments, and ample green land space are potentially effective to enhance walking among the elderly, albeit to varied degrees. The compact urban form, which is considered as walkability in the western context, may not necessarily play a positive role in Zhongshan’s context. The findings provide insights into the policy-making to promote sustainable transportation modes and the design of interventions on health promotion of the elderly in China. View Full-Text
Keywords: built environment; walking activity; the elderly; probability; frequency and duration; Zero-inflated Poisson Regression; sustainable transportation built environment; walking activity; the elderly; probability; frequency and duration; Zero-inflated Poisson Regression; sustainable transportation
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Zhang, Y.; Li, Y.; Liu, Q.; Li, C. The Built Environment and Walking Activity of the Elderly: An Empirical Analysis in the Zhongshan Metropolitan Area, China. Sustainability 2014, 6, 1076-1092.

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